For the cases of infertility, specialists will have a thorough look at your medical condition, history of sex, medicines which you have taken over the years. Men will have to undergo a physical test to check the wellbeing of his sperm. For ladies, analysis starts with a restorative history and physical exam, including a test of the pelvic area. The specialist at that point will ensure that there is no trouble in the process of her ovulation, and her menstrual cycle is also normal. To measure the level of hormones, certain blood tests are done. And, to check the uterus, fallopian tube and ovaries, process like ultrasounds and x-ray are done. In most cases, the cause for infertility is the blockage in fallopian tubes, or a sperm issue. For male infertility, following are some solutions:
- Medical treatments
Problems like enlargement in veins of scrotum, blockage in the vas deferens, etc. can only be treated through surgery.
- Antibiotic medicines
These help in killing the infection causing bacteria present in the reproductive organs.
- Consultations and medications
To treat the erection and discharge
- Medications for hormones
For the case of abnormalities in hormones i.e. higher or lower production of certain hormones.
For female infertility, following are some solutions:
- Drugs for fertility and hormones
This helps the woman to ovulate better, and enhances the level of hormones.
- Medical treatments
To counter the problems related to blockage in the reproductive organs like fallopian tube.
Assisted reproductive technology, as follows, can be used by both men and women to treat their infertility:
- Intrauterine insemination, or IUI
During the time of woman’s ovulation, the man’s sperm is collected and is inserted inside the uterus of the female.
- In vitro fertilization, or IVF
In a lab, the sperm and eggs are put together. The treated egg tales 3 to 5 days for developing. After that, in woman’s uterus, the embryo is transferred.
- Gamete intrafallopian exchange, or GIFT
And Zygote intrafallopian exchange, or ZIFT
After combining the egg and the sperm in a lab, it’s put in the fallopian tube. In case of GIFT, the eggs and sperm are transferred to fallopian tube, while in case of ZIFT, the eggs which are fertilized gets inserted in the fallopian tube.