Fallopian tube catheterization helps remove the obstruction from a woman’s fallopian tubes. Thus, increases the chances of conception. The fallopian tubes are responsible for transporting the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. The fertilization of the eggs also occurs in these tubes. This is where the sperm binds with the egg. However, if the tubes are blocked, the fertilization process cannot be carried out. Therefore, an interventional radiologist performs the catheterization to remove the obstruction. To know more about this procedure, visit your nearest Apollo fertility clinic. Our skilled doctors will answer all your queries and provide the perfect solution.
How to get ready for the procedure?
• This procedure is generally scheduled as soon as your period ends to ensure you are not already pregnant.
• Your doctor might ask you to take a few medications, both before and after the procedure. You must consume them on time, without ever missing a dose, as it can lead to infections.
• Your doctor might also ask you to take painkillers before the beginning of the procedure.
• Ask your partner, a friend or a family member to come with you on the day of the procedure. Apart from emotional support, you will need someone to take you back home.
• Make sure you follow the doctor’s instructions to a tee.
Before you begin the treatment, your doctor will walk you through the entire procedure. However, if you have any concerns or questions, make sure you clear them prior to the treatment.
The first step is to take an x-ray. Once you lie down on the x-ray table, an IV line might be inserted into your vein. This helps transfer the anesthesia into your body, aiding relaxation and numbing the pain. A thin metal tube known as the speculum is inserted inside your vagina, to keep it open. Then a thin catheter, which is basically a flexible tube, is pushed into the uterus through the cervix. The specialist will then inject a special x-ray dye through the catheter. This dye flows into the fallopian tubes. This will help the specialist to have a clear image of the blockage in the x-ray. This procedure is known as Hysterosalpingogram (HSG). Then, the catheter is moved near the opening of the blocked fallopian tube. Fluids are injected through the catheter into the tubes to clear the obstructions. The catheter can also contain a wire or balloon-like structure at its end. The specialist might also inflate the balloon or use the wire to clear the blockage.
• You may experience slight cramps or mild bleeding for 3-5 days.
• It is important to avoid intercourse or putting anything inside the vagina, such as tampons for at least 48 hours. The time frame can also increase, so, it is better to talk to your doctor once.
• Some complications of this procedure include; fever, severe pain or cramps, vaginal bleeding, and heavy vaginal discharge. If any complications arise, you must contact your specialist immediately.