Infertility is the inability to conceive. It is usually not considered the natural state of a healthy adult. Reasons for the same varies from person to person. For some, it might be reduced fertility which has been confused by infertility, and for some, it might be actual infertility. Some cases of infertility can be treated while some others cannot. Also, some treatment might suit someone and the same treatment might not solve someone else’s same problem. Each individual is different and so is their body. It might not react in the same way.
As stated causes of infertility can be many. Few of them are:
• Ovulation Problem: This occurs when eggs do not mature in the ovaries or maybe ovaries fail to produce a mature egg. This is also known as the premature ovarian failure. This is one of the most common problems faced by infertile women. Symptoms for the same may be an irregular menstrual cycle, unusually less or more menstrual bleeding. One of the possible solutions for the same is IVF treatment.
• Endometriosis: There is a tissue named endometrial tissue which is usually found in the uterus lining. But in endometriosis, it grows outside the uterus, usually in the abdomen. Some women have no symptoms for the same while others may experience painful periods or intercourse, general pelvic pain. Solutions for the same is medication or may be the removal of the tissue through surgery.
• Egg Quality: Egg quality varies from woman to woman. And poor egg quality can be one of the causes of infertility. There are no possible symptoms for the same. Fertility drugs are one of the possible solutions.
At times causes of infertility cannot be diagnosed correctly. There are times when even doctors are not able to explain as to why is a completely healthy female not able to conceive. And in such times, there are not many solutions available either. Now let us look into how common infertility issue is. How many couples out there are suffering from this problem?
Infertility is much more common than we can think. Around 25% of couples suffer from a period of infertility which lasts longer than a year. Out of these at least 10-15% of couples continue to have the problem of infertility and may need a treatment for the same. Identifiable causes of infertility are distributed evenly between males and females each, each partner causes around 30% of the problem. Addition to this, further 10% of problems are caused by a combination of issues from both the partners.
Until the age of 35, one has 92% chances of becoming pregnant within two years of having unprotected sex. Then with age, the chances of conceiving start decreasing rather rapidly.