Laparoscopy refers to the technique or method by which surgical procedures access body cavities without making large cuts in the body. The method is a form of minimal access surgery which has increased in popularity in recent times for most thoracic and abdominal operations. This method is also being utilised in an increasing number of other surgical procedures and medical conditions. One such medical condition is infertility, and laparoscopy plays an essential role in different cases and conditions.
Let’s look at four cases or conditions where laparoscopy can be utilised for infertility treatment.
Lysis of Adhesions
Scar tissue in the uterus can be a problem for women trying to conceive. Lysis of adhesions is a procedure in which scar tissue in the uterus or outside the uterus in the abdominal cavity is removed. This procedure is done best with minimally invasive techniques such as laparoscopic surgery or hysteroscopy. Carrying out laparoscopy helps reduce the risk of additional adhesions that will form after the resection. It will also help increase the chances of fertility in the future and prevent any more complications from uterine adhesions.
Endometriosis is a condition where the endometrial tissue (inner lining of uterus grows outside of the uterus. This abnormal growth can cause severe pain, heavy periods, and at times can also lead to infertility. This Extra tissue can cause scarring and swelling, creating a hostile environment for both eggs and sperm to survive. This tissue can destroy ovaries, cause adhesions tubal damage. Minimally invasive laparoscopy for infertility can help in a situation like this by cauterising, lasering, or removing the lesions caused by endometriosis.
A cystectomy is a process that removes cysts from one or both of a woman’s ovaries. It is a minimally invasive laparoscopy procedure. Ovarian cysts can disturb ovulation cause mechanical compressor to tubes. A doctor may suggest removing the cysts that are growing too large. In some cases, the doctor may also suggest an ultrasound-guided needle procedure to drain the cyst. Unlike other treatments, the minimally invasive laparoscopy surgery is a much better option as it requires only a small incision, less pain, and removes cysts while keeping ovaries and surrounding muscles intact.
This procedure helps in the removal of fibroids from the uterus. The uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths that form during a woman’s childbirth years. Because of the fibroids, one experiences intense pelvic pain, and irregular periods. Also, the fibroids can cause blockage in the uterus, which can cause more complications while conceiving. In such conditions, it may be difficult for an embryo to implant itself in the uterus. The procedure of myomectomy can be done with minimally invasive laparoscopy surgery for infertility. This can reduce the risk of scar tissue, heavy blood loss, and other complications with childbirth that usually occur in open surgeries.
The above four cases are excellent examples of how minimally invasive procedures can assist in medical conditions. A laparoscopic surgery is an excellent option for women who are having issues in conceiving and want to avoid further complications from major surgeries.