types of infertility

Do you know that out of every 5 couple at least 2 face problems in conceiving a baby? Even if they do conceive they are not able to continue the pregnancy to its term. This brings us to the most probable cause of this inability which is known as infertility.

Infertility is a clinical disorder in which one is unable to conceive within one year or more of unprotected copulation. In simpler terms, it is the inability to get pregnant or carry the pregnancy to full term.

It is not an unknown disease but what is unknown is the fact that infertility can be differentiated into types. There are basically two types of infertility that depend on your status as a parent.

PRIMARY INFERTILITY

Primary infertility refers to a condition wherein there is an absence of live birth for a woman who desires to a have a child. To bring to general terms, it occurs when the couple has not conceived even once, conditioned that there is no use of contraceptives or protection.

SECONDARY INFERTILITY

The second kind of infertility is a condition wherein a couple had conceived before. Either they had carried the pregnancy to full term or they had a miscarriage. But after that attempt, they have not been able to conceive.

 

After defining the two types of fertility one must keep in mind that infertility can be caused by defects in both the male and the female. And it becomes important to know that on this basis infertility can be further typified according to the gender infertility conditions.

 

MALE INFERTILITY

 

Arising from the causes such as old age, thyroid dysfunction, excessive use of intoxicants such as alcohol, drugs, smoking habits or previous treatments etc. leads to male infertility. According to clinical tests and researches, the main types of male infertility condition that are a result of such habits are:

 

• Hormonal imbalance

• Obstruction / blockage

• Defect in the sperm

• Decreased number of sperm

 

 

FEMALE INFERTILITY

Female infertility, just like male infertility arises from a number of factors including age, health, previous treatments etc.

The main types of female infertility are:

• Ovulation disorder/ hormonal disorders

• Inability of the egg the attach to the uterus wall

• Inability of the egg to move from ovaries to the womb

• Ovarian failure

 

These are the most common types of infertility which can now be treated with advanced medical treatments.