IVF or In vitro fertilization is a part of assistive reproductive technology (ART). During this procedure, the specialist will extract the eggs from the female patient’s ovaries and fertilize it with a sperm in a laboratory. Once the egg is fertilized or reaches the embryo stage, it can either be frozen for later use or can be transferred back into the woman’s womb. Depending on the situation, the couple can use their own eggs and sperm or use the donated ones. IVF is usually performed when;
• The fallopian tubes are blocked
• Ovulation disorders
• Premature ovarian failure
• Uterine fibroids
• Tubal sterilization or removal
• Faulty sperm production
• The sperm is unable to function correctly
• Unexplained fertility issues
• Genetic problems
Investigations before IVF
Before the IVF procedure begins, your doctor will conduct various tests to determine the proper course of treatment for you. With a thorough investigation, your doctor will be able to understand the situation and can design the best plan of action required. This helps heighten the success rates.
• Ovarian function test
Before conducting this test, the specialist will first check if the ovaries are functioning accordingly. It is a must as they will require multiple follicles to proceed with this procedure. The ovarian function test can differ from person to person as it is designed according to the hormone levels and the working of one’s ovaries. Drugs may also be prescribed along with the test.
• Uterine Cavity
During the IVF procedure, zygotes are created, which will be placed inside the uterus. Hence, the specialist will evaluate the uterine cavity to make sure it is free of any abnormalities. The main procedures used during this test are; Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) and hysteroscopy. In HSG, a dye is injected into the uterus, which flows through the fallopian tubes. With the help of X-rays, the specialist will be able to visually see if there are any abnormalities or obstructions. During hysteroscopy, a thin optic scope is used to check the uterine cavity. However, these tests are done once the patient completes her menstrual cycle and just at the beginning of the ovulation.
• Infectious Diseases and Immunity
The doctors will conduct a blood test for both you and your partner, in order to rule out the chances of hepatitis or HIV.
• Semen Analysis
To make sure the male partner’s sperm is normal and functions accordingly, semen analysis is conducted. The doctors will check the sperm count, motility, and the general sperm health.
• Mock Embryo Transfer
The mock embryo transfer is a newly practiced technique followed by several hospitals and clinics, including Apollo Fertility. During this test, a mock embryo is transferred either before or during the IVF treatment. The mock embryo helps recognize if/any abnormalities in the cervix or uterus. With the help of a special catheter, your doctor will transfer the mock embryo and use a sonogram machine, they will check if the uterine cavity is capable of housing the embryo or not.
For more information, get in touch with your nearest Apollo Fertility clinic. Our specialists will be happy to help you and offer you the best treatments.