When an egg is released from one of the ovaries, it is known as ‘ovulation’. In women with regular menstrual cycles, this occurs around once every month.
In certain women, the follicles that hold the eggs don’t develop consistently. As a result, women ovulate sporadically, occasionally, or not at all.
Ovulation induction is a fertility treatment that includes taking oral or injectable medicines to simulate ordinary ovulation. The prescription is generally taken towards the beginning of periods and the body’s reaction is checked through the cycle utilizing ultrasound. The clinician can then see when you are expected to ovulate and accordingly provide the ideal dates for intercourse or insemination.
How Is Ovulation Induction Achieved?
The drugs and doses to induce ovulation are customised to suit you as an individual. Your clinician will tell you to take medicinal drugs to force the ovaries. They will suggest a program involving ultrasound examinations and a blood test once in a while.
Also, Read: Understanding Ovulation Induction
Should Other Treatments Be Undergone Along With Ovulation Induction?
Each couple is different and, based upon the fertility history and the male partner’s semen examination, the female partner may require extra medicines to improve the chances of getting pregnant.
In simple situations, actuating ovulation and having intercourse at the right time might be all that would be needed. This is called Timed Sexual Intercourse (TSI) and the doctor will suggest you the best occasions for intercourse on the basis of your ovulation induction treatment and ultrasound examinations.
Ovulation induction can likewise be combined with Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). This includes removing sperm from the man’s semen test, storing them in the research facility and inserting them into the uterus to coincide with ovulation. This method can be valuable regardless of how healthy the semen sample is, as the sperm concentration can be optimized in the lab. A couple of hours after, when the semen sample is ready, the woman has to visit to the facility for insemination, which will involve a basic setup utilizing a catheter embedded through the cervix.
Does Ovulation Induction Have Any Risks?
For most women, ovulation induction is a simple process, like every other clinical treatment, and comes with few dangers.
The Primary Risks Are:
OHSS (Ovarian Hyper-incitement Syndrome) – This is an uncommon issue where a woman’s body over-reacts to ovulation induction and can encounter side effects such as pain, swelling, queasiness and heaving. Side effects range from gentle to extreme, and in most scenarios, require urgent medical attention.
Multiple Pregnancy – When ovaries are simulated, it is possible for more than one follicle to develop and deliver an egg simultaneously. This could bring about multiple pregnancy. Ultrasound monitoring can check for this and accordingly, medicine can be stopped or changed, while intercourse can be avoided on the off chance that there’s a large number of follicles developing.
Also, Read: All About Ovulation Cycles and Tests
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