Sperm is the male reproductive cell or the male impregnating fluid. It combines with female’s eggs in order to complete the reproductive cycle. And finally, the embryo gets implanted in the uterus of a woman.
Sperm cells have a very limited lifespan and cannot divide, but after the fusion or the process of reproduction, it fuses with egg cells and leads to the beginning of the development of a new organism. During Sperm Donation, a man donates semen, the fluid that contains the sperm. It is released during ejaculation and is the male reproductive cell, which can help an individual female or a couple to conceive a baby.
Sperm donation is preferred because it is a harmless method, which can easily help people conceive successfully. In this, a healthy male is asked to ejaculate his semen in order to collect sperm in a clinical environment. Sperm banks have been set up, which collects the sperm from the donors and stores them, supplying them to the couples who are ready to conceive. Particularly, there are no health risks or consequences of sperm donation. Various factors are evaluated before being selected as a sperm donor. Factors such as –
Age – Most sperm banks and fertility clinics have specified that the donors should belong to the age group of 18 to 39.
Genetic Testing – These tests are done in order to find out if the donors carry any abnormalities or diseases genetically, which might affect the child.
Semen Testing – To become a sperm donor, several factors like sperm count, motility, and overall morphology are evaluated and analysed.
Medical & Sexual History – In this, details about the medical history of the previous two generations of your family members are recorded. An account of sexual activities, drug use, and other personal information is also analysed to ensure that none of these factors cause any troubles.
After the completion of the screening process, you are asked to abstain from any sexual activities for 3-5 days till the day of sperm donation process. This is done to ensure that the semen collected has enough sperm and can be preserved. As the donation takes place, the collected sample is frozen or cryopreserved for six months.
After a couple approaches the fertility clinic or sperm bank for conception via Artificial Insemination (AI), the sperm are placed in the vaginal tract of the female’s body. In this process, sperms are placed artificially during the most fertile period of a woman’s menstrual cycle, i.e. ovulation.
These sperms, later, flow towards the upper side of the tract and then undergo fertilization. Another method is Intrauterine insemination (IUI). It is a bit more complicated as the sperms are placed in the female’s uterus by using a catheter. All of these methods have gained popularity as it helps couples experience parenthood. Apollo Fertility also ensures the utmost care and offers the best services for sperm donations.