The ability of a man to father his own children is known as male fertility. The male reproductive system is fully functional by puberty. This produces more than 5 million sperm also known as male gametes in the testis. These are the cells having chromosomes and the only cell that can fertilize an egg. They pass down the reproductive and urinary tract and are expelled with the semen. The semen ejaculated during sexual intercourse carries the sperm into the vagina of the woman. The sperm is active and swims towards the egg. One such sperm may fuse with the egg and result in fertilization of egg thus forming an embryo.
Any problems related to this process may result in infertility. With advancing age, the sperm count and motility gradually decreases.
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