Sperm Donation

The act of collecting sperm samples for present or future use is known as sperm donation. The ultimate goal is to fertilise an egg, which will result in pregnancy and birth.

Donating sperm is a viable option for achieving pregnancy when sperm retrieval is not an option. However, there is a genetic detachment between the spouse and the children, which could put the relationship through emotional strain and lead to moral quandaries. Usually, anonymous donors donate sperm. 

About the procedure

Many men consider sperm donation during their lifetime. However, only a few succeed. The sperm candidates will undergo medical analyses, psychological examinations and, of course, fertility tests to determine if they are suitable for a donation program lasting at least six months. 

The duration of the entire sperm donation process is estimated to be approximately 6 months on average, although this may vary depending on the IVF clinic. Steps Involved in the Process:

  • Sperm donor selection 
  • Sperm donation requirements 
  • Donation coordinator interview 
  • Spermiogram and freezing test 
  • Psychologist interview 
  • Contract tests and signature 

Who qualifies for sperm donation?

Most sperm banks prefer sperm donors who are between the ages of 18 and 39.

A person may not be eligible to donate sperm if they have any of these congenital disorders.

Testing of the semen - A person must provide numerous samples of semen before being recognised as a sperm donor.

The donor is needed to provide blood samples and urine samples, and will also have any infectious or autoimmune disorders examined on them. Additionally, testing for blood type, blood count, blood sugar, and thyroid function can be performed. All sperm donors are tested for the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B and C, syphilis, Chlamydia, cytomegalovirus (CMV), cystic fibrosis, fragile X syndrome, and any known genetic illnesses.

Why the procedure is conducted?

The procedure is conducted for people as listed below-

  • A male partner having a genetic defect that the child could inherit.
  • A male partner whose sperm is insufficient in quantity or quality.
  • A male partner whose sperm production is impaired because of:
  • Sperm duct obstruction
  • Backward ejaculation (semen backflows into the urinary tract)
  • Has undergone cancer treatment, trauma, or diseases from childhood that have impacted sperm production
  • Unable to ejaculate during sexual activity due to erectile dysfunction.
  • Possesses severe spinal cord injuries

Lesbian couples and single women make up the majority of sperm donor users nowadays. Because she hasn't found the right partner or because she is worried about age-related fertility problems, a single woman may decide to raise her child alone.

Types of sperm donation

Purchasing sperm from a sperm bank - For legal and medical reasons, purchasing sperm from a sperm bank is by far the safest option.

They'll probably insist that you buy sperm from a registered sperm bank if you plan to have your doctor perform the insemination.

Various sperm banks provide sperm that has been specially prepared for the three different artificial insemination techniques: IUI, ICI, and IVF.

Benefits of Sperm Donation

  • Sperm donation is healthy
  • Sperm donors are compensated
  • Sperm donors get a chance to review their family medical history
  • This act will give you satisfaction as you are helping a couple to enjoy their parenthood.

Risks or Complications

As per doctors, sperm donation does not involve any risk.

Treatment Costs

The recipient pays the donors back for specific costs associated with the donation. These costs could include screening and testing (such as required blood tests), as well as costs for transferring the embryos to the recipient and defrosting them.

Before beginning the donation process, all reimbursement-related details should be negotiated in writing and specified in a contract.


A fertile man donates his sperm to an infertile person or couple for them to become parents. Cryopreserved donated sperm is used after thawing and following a six-month donor quarantine. The clinic will approve a man to donate sperm if it finds that his health is adequate following a careful assessment. Sperm donations can only be made by persons who successfully navigate a stringent screening process. The genes, which can be passed on to future kids, are one of the key factors.

Request an appointment at Apollo Fertility, Solapur.

Call 1860 500 4424 to book an appointment.

1. How long does it take to donate sperm?

Roughly 6 months. The entire sperm donation process is thought to take an average of roughly 6 months, though this can vary depending on the assisted reproduction clinic. The donor will be required to submit his sperm to the centre as many times as necessary each week during this process in order to preserve it by freezing.

2. When is the sperm count at its highest?

In comparison to samples made later in the day, healthy semen samples obtained between 5:00 am and 7:30 am showed statistically higher sperm concentration, total sperm count, and a larger percentage of normally shaped sperm.

3. What must you avoid before making a sperm donation?

• Avoid smoking • Consume alcohol sparingly • Hot baths should be avoided since heat can destroy sperm cells • Wear loose-fitting underpants instead • Use no drugs

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