Reproductive Surgery

Reproductive surgery includes the different surgical procedures that relate to reproductive medicine. Gynaecologists and urologists are the specialists who take up reproductive surgery. The surgery procedure generally treats the reproductive organs of both men and women.

Multiple types of operations fall under reproductive surgery. However, most reproductive surgeries on women restore the health of the female reproductive system.

About reproductive surgery

The process of reproductive surgery deals mainly with minimally invasive procedures and diagnostic tools. With modern tools and facilities, reproductive surgery has become easy and risk-free. The procedure helps people battle organic causes that cause infertility and complications in reproductively mature individuals. The use of assisted reproductive technologies has become very prevalent in such practices.

Who qualifies for reproductive surgery?

Reproductive surgeries work for women who struggle with infertility and other reproductive problems. Women mainly have difficulty conceiving because of reproductive organ problems. Reproductive surgery aims at reducing the occurrence of such issues. Women may have congenital disabilities or issues arising from their lifestyle. In both cases, reproductive surgeries help women bear children.

Similarly, men also need reproductive surgery to address male infertility. Males also struggle with infertility, which specialists can correct with reproductive surgery. Men and women of reproductive maturity qualify for this type of procedure.

Why is reproductive surgery conducted?

There are different reasons why reproductive surgery is necessary, as there are different types of conditions that reproductive surgery resolves. Certain reproductive surgeries treat endometriosis, fibroid tumours and even pelvic adhesions. These conditions are painful and need targeted treatment. 

Endometriosis occurs when the endometrial lining grows out of the uterine cavity. The condition of fibroid tumours also needs reproductive surgery. Depending on the situation, different reproductive surgeries work for various patients.

Different types of reproductive surgery

Different types of reproductive surgeries help address infertility in both men and women. For women, the surgeries are as follows-


The hysteroscopy procedure puts a small telescopic instrument inside the uterine cavity, which helps in the proper diagnosis of uterine conditions. Any scar tissue, polyps or endometriosis come through in diagnosis by hysteroscopy.


Laparoscopy allows the doctor to check for any irregularities and issues in the pelvic floor. If the doctor finds anything during the investigation that needs removal or surgery, they may do so during the procedure.


If the doctor finds that you suffer from varicocele, a condition found in men; they suggest a varicocelectomy. The doctor surgically seals the affected vein and redirects blood flow into new, healthy veins.

Vasectomy reversal

The vasectomy reversal procedure is also a widespread type of reproductive surgery. Males often go for vasectomy as a process of birth control. When they wish to reverse the effects of vasectomy, they can go for a vasectomy reversal.


Reproductive surgeries have many benefits, but the most important one is infertility treatment. Reproductive surgery restores and maintains the necessary anatomy of the reproductive system for both men and women. Minimally invasive reproductive surgeries help recover fertility and reproductive potential without much hassle. Today, reproductive procedures are minimally invasive to reduce postoperative pain. Surgeons use robotics to perform advanced reproductive surgery.

Risks or complications

There can be many mistakes and risks with reproductive surgeries. For example, a wrong diagnosis leads to further complications in the patient's body. The absence of proper diagnosis and subsequent surgery can deteriorate reproductive health. Some procedures can also lead to ovarian damage that further complicates the matter regarding infertility. Some patients may suffer from decreased follicular reserves or postoperative adhesions that cause infertility. It is essential to go to a good reproductive surgery specialist for a consultation to stop such risks from setting in.

There are risks and benefits linked with all medical procedures. Proper diagnosis and consultation from specialists can help maximise the benefits of reproductive surgery. With awareness increasing around infertility and reproductive health, reproductive surgeries have become very popular today.

Consider visiting a fertility clinic for consultation before reproductive surgery. The best chain of fertility clinics in the country is Apollo Fertility. Visit the nearest Apollo fertility clinic today. 

Request an appointment at  Apollo Fertility, Noida, UP or Call 1860-500-4424 to book an appointment. 

1. What is reproductive surgery?

Any conservative surgery on men and women to conserve their reproductive potential is reproductive surgery.

2. What is the duration of reproductive surgery?

The average duration of reproductive surgery is one to three hours. However, the duration can be longer depending on the condition.

3. How risky is a hysterectomy?

Hysterectomy is generally safe when done with the help of a gynaecologist specialising in reproductive surgery.

4. Can reproductive surgery increase sperm count?

Yes, reproductive surgery can increase sperm count to a considerable level.

5. What is the most common reproductive surgery for females?

The most common reproductive surgery for females is hysteroscopy and laparoscopy.

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