Reproductive Surgery

Reproductive surgery refers to gynaecological procedures to preserve or recover reproductive function. Gynaecologists focus on reproductive endocrinology and infertility and support woman's potential future fertility requirements. The intention is to reduce the damaging effects of surgery on the reproductive organs. In a day surgery, many minimally invasive procedures can be performed. 

Specialists in reproductive operations have training in gynaecological surgery methods. These include laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, and robotic surgery. Myomectomy, endometriosis, and tubal ligation reversal are a few disorders treated with gynaecological operations.

2. Why is the procedure conducted?

In the domain of infertility treatments, reproductive surgery is performed. Gynaecologists and allied health professionals who focus on reproductive surgery comprise the reproductive specialists' group. They are professionals in conservatively managing both male and female reproductive organs. A vast range of procedures with various goals makes up reproductive operations. Many surgeries aim to return the functionality of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries to normal.

Even though the utilization of artificial insemination (ART) has increased, procedures performed on the ovaries and fallopian tubes have decreased. Reproductive surgery can still be helpful in a variety of situations, though. Our reproductive practitioners at Apollo Fertility are experts in operations that operate female reproductive organs and treat issues that result in infertility, such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, pelvic adhesions, tubal occlusions, ovarian cysts, and congenital or acquired abnormalities. Our Apollo Fertility urologists specialize in treating sexual dysfunction and carrying out male reproductive operations. 

3. Different Types

It would be beneficial for your specific condition. Our skilled reproductive physicians can improve your capacity to conceive by executing extremely sophisticated surgical or minimally invasive treatments (in most cases).

The following are the reproductive surgeries conducted in Apollo Fertility: 

Laparoscopy: A tiny camera is introduced through the belly button during this minimally intrusive surgical procedure under general anaesthesia. With this camera and a few minuscule (0.5–1 cm) incisions, we can medically treat various reproductive diseases. Laparoscopies are frequently performed to remove tumours, fibroids, damaged fallopian tubes, and scar tissue. This relatively easy treatment is typically finished in a matter of hours, enabling you to return home that same day and usually resume your regular activities within one to two weeks.

Robotic surgery: A robot is used in this advanced type of laparoscopy to extract abnormal tissue and repair healthy tissue accurately. It's beneficial for getting to awkward places. The robot is operated by a practitioner, allowing precise motions to manoeuvre around corners and angles or carefully put stitches. The surgeon can do little manoeuvres rather than larger ones by using the robot, like adding wrists to their arsenal of tools. Robots are better equipped to protect healthy cells, increasing productivity. They can also make minor incisions, causing less suffering and hastening recovery. Robotic surgery is typically used when standard laparoscopy is insufficient to complete the procedure. The optimal strategy would be discussed with you by your surgeon.

Hysteroscopy: This non-invasive equipment employs a hysteroscope, an illuminated observing device with a high-definition camera. There is no need for stitches because it is put through the vagina. It enables equipment to be introduced via its sheath and gives doctors a clear view of the uterus' contents and cervix's canal. Hysteroscopies are frequently used to examine natural irregularities that might impede fertility, polyps, fibroids, and scar tissue from the uterus. Instead of our surgical suite, our IVF suite is typically where this operation is carried out without complete anaesthesia. Hysteroscopic processes usually need one to two days of recovery.

Laparotomy: This more extensive procedure is also known as an open laparotomy. This surgery gives your surgeon immediate access to the abdominal cavity. Similarly, a cesarean section necessitates hospitalization, and recovery takes approximately four to six weeks. Performing an abdominal myomectomy, in which several or large uterine fibroids (non-cancerous growths) are removed from the wall of the uterus, or for the treatment of severe pelvic pain, are two uncommon uses for this procedure.

4. Benefits*

Some women experience difficulties in getting pregnant due to issues with their reproductive capacity. These can vary from congenital uterine malformations to ailments including polyps, fibroids, or endometriosis. Surgery may be required to address the issue if such a disorder is identified during your thorough reproductive assessment.

Additionally, thanks to new surgical techniques and technologies, most gynecologic surgical operations can now be carried out using minimally invasive approaches. Small (or occasionally no) incisions are used in this procedure, which is less invasive than conventional open surgery and frequently permits patients to leave the hospital on the same day. Also, recovery and healing are often quicker.


Women with problems such as ovarian cysts, scar tissue, polyps, and developmental defects of the reproductive system are frequently candidates for minimally invasive surgery. It is also utilized to treat fibroids and benign uterine growths that often result in infertility, miscarriage, and other difficulties during pregnancy.

Although the prevalence of assisted reproductive technology is reducing the need for reproductive surgery. For more information, you can book your visit. 

Request an appointment at:

Apollo Fertility, Thane

Call 1860-500-4424 to book an appointment.

1. Describe infertility.

If you've had frequent sexual contact without using birth control for a year, under 35 or six months, or over 35 and haven't gotten pregnant, you have infertility issues. Being sterile and infertility is not the same thing. Many fertility issues can be resolved with the aid of reproductive procedures.

2. What should I anticipate from a reproductive surgery?

We execute laparoscopies or hysteroscopies, which are minimally invasive procedures for about 90% of our infertility surgeries. In other words, we get access through the vagina, belly button, or a small incision (0.5 to 1 cm). The benefit of minimally invasive surgeries is that they frequently happen as same-day outpatient procedures, entail less discomfort, and call for a swift recovery (one to two weeks). The actual process often takes one to two hours. Expect to arrive in the morning and depart that same afternoon.

3. Will I be put to sleep throughout my procedure?

You do have general anaesthesia for open, robotic, and laparoscopic procedures. You will be allowed pick procedural sedation over complete anaesthesia since a hysteroscopy is relatively straightforward. Conscious sedation uses a combination of intravenous medications to keep you unconscious and block pain. In any case, rest assured that our anesthesiologists are the best in the business and have all received further training in providing care for all patients, even those in elevated danger.

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