Overview of the Procedure
With the advancement in the healthcare industry, Laparoscopy has evolved extensively. Over the years Laparoscopic surgery has recorded a significant adaptation and progress thanks to technology. It is a type of surgery where no major cuts or slits are required; it is a minimally invasive technique that is used to identify the disease as well as cure the disease.
About the Procedure
Laparoscopic surgery enables surgeons to examine and treat internal organs of the body by making tiny incisions. It is one of the popular techniques in general surgeries, gastroenterology, urology, orthopaedics, gynaecology and more. Instead of making single large incisions like open surgeries, a series of tiny cuts are done to treat the disease.
Before beginning with the laparoscopic surgery local anesthesia is given to the patient by the surgeon. Then the surgeon makes various incisions of 0.5-1cm ports inside which tubular tools or trocars are inserted. Trocars help in attaching a laparoscope and other professional instruments. Laparoscopes contain a camera that displays high-definition pictures and videos on the screen which directs the surgeons accurately to perform the surgery.
Who qualifies for the procedure?
Today the majority of the surgeries are done laparoscopically. Even several diseases are diagnosed through laparoscopy. Below are a few conditions when laparoscopy is used to diagnose the disease,
- Ovarian Cyst
- Infertility in female
- Abdominal pain
- Bacterial infection in the female upper genital tract that includes the womb, fallopian tube, and ovary
- Undescended testicles
- Certain types of cancer like liver, pancreatic, ovary, gallbladder, or bile duct cancer
Listed below are a few diseases that are treated through Laparoscopy
- Gallstones treatment
- Stomach ulcer
- Womb removal
- Cancer treatment
Why is the laparoscopy conducted?
Laparoscopic surgery is a widely accepted technique to identify and cure diseases at a low cost. To determine what is causing symptoms like stomach pain, pelvic pain, and abdominal edema laparoscopy is conducted. A laparoscopy can also be performed if any issue is pointed out in the prior X-Ray report. Laparoscopy provides a clear view of the patient's abdomen to the doctor.
The surgeon takes the sample of the unusual growth and tissue from the patient’s body and forwards it for further biopsy. Laparoscopy is conducted for plenty of reasons and removes stones, blockages, cysts, and more.
Laparoscopy is a new-age technique and is still being explored. There are two types of laparoscopy surgery.
(i) Hand-assisted laparoscopy
Here the incisions are made large enough that the surgeon can insert their hand to investigate or cure the disease.
(ii) Robotic-assisted laparoscopy
Robotic-assisted laparoscopy is a more advanced and precise way of surgery where surgeons operate with robotic arms which contain a peculiar camera and a few surgical tools that helps in accurate movements and a small incision at the exact places.
Robotic-assisted laparoscopy has made surgeons perform intricate operations with greater accuracy and tiny incisions. Over the years, robotic-assisted laparoscopy has expanded like anything and especially if we talk about prostatic cancer surgeries.
Like any other surgery, Laparoscopy too has its advantages and risks. Compared to open or traditional ways of surgeries, laparoscopy has impressive benefits as follows,
- Less time to heal and speedy recovery
- Lower pain
- Small keyhole incisions and scars
- Lower infection risk
- Minimal internal scars
- Shorter stay at the hospital and minimal restrictions to get back to the regular life
Risk or Complications
Every surgery whether it's an open surgery or Laparoscopy, all have some level of risk and complications. However, laparoscopy is a regular procedure and widely used across the world, and when compared to traditional or open surgery complications after laparoscopy are rare. Listed below are a few complications after laparoscopic surgery,
- Bruises around the incision wound
- Minor bleeding
- Major artery damage
- Organ damage leading to organ failure
- Bile duct injury
- Severe allergy because of the general anaesthesia
- Deep Vein Thrombosis
We hope that the above-mentioned details will help you clear your doubts regarding the
procedure. However, we always recommend that you speak with a doctor and go over the
factors that can affect the success of your pregnancy.
Apollo Fertility, Navi Mumbai
Call 1860-500-4424 to book an appointment.
Mostly the patients are discharged on the very same day of the laparoscopy. However, fully recovering and getting back to regular activity will take around 2-3 weeks.
Laparoscopic surgeries are not recommended in the following cases. • In case of large infections or heavy bleeding • If the patient has excessive fat in the area • Cardiopulmonary condition
Yes, laparoscopy is the safest procedure compared to traditional or open surgery. Complications are also rare after the surgeries and the recovery time is also faster.
• If an adult is qualified for abdominal surgery • Patients with no heart-related diseases
The average cost of laparoscopic surgery in India is ₹35,000 to ₹65,000