Reproductive surgery is a branch of reproductive medicine that involves conservation of fertility in both men and women. It is performed by specialized reproductive surgeons who mainly focus on fertility enhancement by restoring and maintaining the reproductive function. Reproductive surgeons also perform surgery for contraception in men and women. There are different Ways in which surgery could be done – Hysteroscopy, Laparoscopy, Minilaparotomy
What are the common reproductive problems?
The following common conditions may hinder the process of conception in women:
- Tubal disease
- Uterine polyps
- Ovarian cysts
- Uterine fibroids
- Tube ligation
- Uterine septum
- Pelvic adhesions
How is Reproductive Surgery performed in women?
This is a minimally invasive diagnostic and surgical procedure, where a tiny incision is made through which a narrow tube with a light and camera attached is inserted to visualize the inside of your abdomen. Any scarring, adhesions or abnormal growths can be diagnosed and treated if possible.
Your doctor would use this procedure to explore the pelvic area to surgically correct any gynecological problem by making a small section on the abdominal wall, just above your pubis.
Hysteroscopy is the visualization of the inside of the uterus and opening of the fallopian tubes. This is done using a narrow tube with a camera and light source inserted through the cervix.
Surgery can also be performed such as removal of intrauterine fibroids and adhesions
In men the following common conditions affect reproduction and require surgery:
- Hydrocele – fluid accumulation in the scrotum
- Variocele – enlargement of blood vessels in the spermatic cord
- Epididymal Cyst – fluid or pus accumulation in the scrotum
- Vasectomy reversal
- Surgery for Ejaculatory duct obstruction
- Sperm extraction procedures