Are you finding it difficult to conceive even after 12 months or more of unprotected sexual intercourse? Do not worry. The situation is prevailing due to several underlying causes of infertility. The underlying causes of infertility may include abnormalities of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or uterine lining cavity. To make it easy for you and your doctor to identify these causes, various procedures for female diagnosis can be performed.
Book an appointment with the trained and qualified doctor at Apollo Fertility Centre, Kondapur, Hyderabad who will guide you through the procedures. Continue reading to learn more about these procedures.
1. Ultrasound-Sonohysterogram (SHG)
A sonohysterogram, or SHG, is a procedure to examine the uterus and the uterine lining (endometrial) cavity. It uses sterile fluid and ultrasound to see clear images of the uterus cavity and ovaries.
A doctor performs this procedure to look for abnormalities inside the uterus. These abnormalities are the reason behind irregular uterine bleeding, recurrent miscarriages, and infertility. A small catheter is introduced into the womb, then a small amount of fluid is discharged into the catheter, which helps in outlining the uterine cavity.
2. Endocrine Assessment
Endocrine assessment is the initial evaluation of women who are facing difficulty conceiving. It is a type of blood test to detect endocrine disorders and infertility. It is a part of the female diagnosis that helps doctors
- To determine the levels of various hormones in the patient's body.
- To make sure the endocrine glands are functioning properly.
- To determine what is causing an endocrinological issue.
- To verify a prior diagnosis.
3. Ovarian Reserve Testing
The older the woman gets, the lower the chances of pregnancy and the greater the chances of miscarriages. A woman who is 35 years of age or older finds it difficult to conceive because the production of eggs decreases with age.
The doctor often recommends Ovarian Reserve Testing (ORT) for a woman undergoing Invitro Fertilization treatment (IVF) to detect the ovarian reserve levels in a woman. ORT is a normal blood test to ascertain the levels of hormones such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH). The higher the ovarian reserve, the greater the chances of pregnancy.
4. Tubal Assessment-Hysterosalpingogram
A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is a tubal assessment done to outline the internal shape of the uterus and to determine if the fallopian tubes are blocked.
During the HSG, a thin tube is introduced inside the cervix or vagina. After this, a dye is inserted into the tube. There is no blockage if the dye passes through the tube. However, the fallopian tubes are blocked if the dye does not pass through the tube.
A doctor suggests a Hysteroscopy to evaluate the reproductive health of women who are facing heavy menstruation or severe cramps. The doctor uses a hysteroscope to diagnose any abnormality in the uterus.
During the procedure, the doctor inserts a hysteroscope into the vagina. A hysteroscope is a thin tube with a small light at the end of the tube. This gives a clear image of the vagina and the cervix and helps diagnose the causes of heavy bleeding and cramps.
HyCoSy/HyFoSy is a technique that includes ultrasound to look for blocked fallopian tubes in women. It is a safe procedure that the doctor recommends for assessing the abnormalities of the uterus and ovaries.
During the procedure, a catheter is introduced into the vagina through which a foaming gel is passed. The fallopian tubes are not blocked if the gel is spilled on both tubes. However, it may indicate a tubal blockage if the gel does not spill. The doctor may guide you through the further process once the HyCoSy/HyFoSy is done.
7. Immunological Investigation
A woman’s immune rejection of male sperm is a serious cause of immunological infertility. Such an immune response is linked to anti-sperm antibodies which are produced in the female immune system.
An Immunological Investigation is a diagnosis of a female done in the following circumstances:
- Multiple miscarriages.
- Repeated IVF failure.
- Immune illnesses in the past.
- Thyroid illness history.
- Placenta-related issues, such as an early birth or fetal growth restriction.
Female diagnosis involves various ways to identify the underlying causes of infertility. These causes may include excessive bleeding between periods, recurrent miscarriages, blocked fallopian tubes, etc. A doctor performs these procedures to identify and treat these underlying causes. Seek medical attention if you are finding it difficult to conceive for 12 months or more.
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Call 1860-500-4424 to book an appointment.
Irregular periods are the leading cause of female infertility.
The chances of getting pregnant reduce with age. Women 35 years or older are at risk of becoming infertile.
Infertility is a complex disorder, treatments may make an effort to restore fertility by medicine or surgery, or through using cutting-edge methods to assist in conception.
See a doctor in the following circumstances: • Multiple miscarriages. • Failed IVF. • Abnormal uterine bleeding. • Irregular periods.
Age, physical issues, hormone issues, and lifestyle or environmental factors can all contribute to female infertility.