All About Menstrual Disorders and Female Infertility.

Menstrual disorders are one of the most common health problems faced by women. They can interfere with everyday activities and lead to poorer mental and physical health. 

The most common cause of menstrual disorders is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This condition is usually caused by a combination of genetics and lifestyle factors. PCOS makes your ovaries produce too much testosterone, damaging your eggs. Other causes of menstrual disorders include endometriosis, fibroids, and thyroid problems.

Symptoms vary depending on the type of Menstrual Disorder you have. However, most women experience some kind of pelvic pain during their period. Other symptoms may include irregular periods, excessive bleeding, trouble getting pregnant, and weight gain/loss. Treatment for Menstrual Disorders varies depending on your type but often includes medication and lifestyle changes.

This blog post will explore the prevalence of menstrual disorders and female infertility and some ways you can get help if you experience them. We will also offer some advice on how to deal with these conditions effectively.

What are Menstrual Disorders?

Menstrual disorders are a group of conditions that affect the menstrual cycle. These disorders can cause problems with ovulation, fertility, and menstruation. 

Types of Menstrual Disorders

There are many menstrual disorders, and each woman experiences them differently. Some common types of menstrual disorders include:

1. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS): PMS is a term used to describe the symptoms that typically occur before menstruation, such as mood swings, anxiety, bloating, and cramps.

2. Irregular periods: These refer to periods that are either too short or too long or have an irregular pattern.

3. Heavy periods: A heavy period is when blood flow is heavier than usual during your period. This can cause pain, fatigue, and headaches.

4. Bleeding between periods: There is excessive bleeding between periods. It can be mild or severe, and it can be unpredictable in intensity and duration.

5. Menorrhagia: Menorrhagia is excessive menstrual bleeding that lasts more than seven days. It can be very difficult to manage because it can lead to clotting problems and other health concerns.

Causes of menstrual disorders

There are many possible causes of menstrual disorders, but the most common are listed below.

1. Genetics: Menstrual problems can often be traced back to genes. If you have a family history of menstrual disorders, your chance of developing them increases.

2. Age: As women get older, their periods become more sporadic and difficult to predict. This can lead to difficulties regulating your menstrual cycle and increase your risk of developing menstrual disorders.

3. Hormones: Women’s hormones play a big role in regulating their periods. When levels of certain hormones are out of balance, it can lead to problems with your menstrual cycle.

4. Insulin resistance: One common cause of menstrual disorders is insulin resistance. This condition is caused by a lack of insulin secretion from the pancreas or an inability to use insulin effectively. It is usually diagnosed after trying to lose weight unsuccessfully through diet and exercise and having high blood sugar levels despite changing one's lifestyle.

5. Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial tissue (the tissue that lines the inside of the uterus) grows outside the uterus in other areas, including the pelvis, ovaries, bladder, bowel and shoulder blades (subcutaneous fat). The growths can cause pain during sex, irregular periods, painful cramps and infertility

How do menstrual disorders affect fertility?

There are a variety of menstrual disorders that can affect fertility. They can be caused by hormonal changes, ovulation problems, and changes in the menstrual cycle. Each type of Menstrual Disorder has specific symptoms, so you and your doctor must rule out any potential causes before trying to figure out a treatment plan.
Some common symptoms of Menstrual Disorders include:

  • Irregular periods
  • Pain during periods
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Mood swings
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Problems getting pregnant

How do menstrual disorders impact women’s lives?

Many menstrual disorders can impact female fertility. Here are a few of the more common ones:

Endometriosis is a disorder in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. This often causes severe pain and infertility.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which women have high testosterone levels, leading to irregular menstrual cycles and infertility.

Ovarian cysts are benign tumours that can develop on one or both ovaries. They often cause moderate to severe pain and infertility due to an inability to release eggs properly.

What can be done to improve fertility in women with menstrual disorders?

Several things can be done to improve fertility in women with menstrual disorders. Some common treatments include:

  • Regularly taking oral contraceptives to prevent an unwanted pregnancy
  • Using ovulation induction methods, like the use of the Follistim injection
  • Participating in fertility treatment protocols, like in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
  • Treating other underlying causes of infertility, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, and low levels of testosterone 


Menstrual disorders can have a wide range of effects on women’s fertility. They can prevent ovulation or lead to early miscarriage. There are many different types of menstrual disorders, but they all share some common features.

If you're struggling with menstrual disorders or infertility, it's time to seek out help. Some many specialists and clinics can provide the care you need to get your life back on track.

Contact Apollo Fertility today for more information about our services and how we can help you achieve the healthy pregnancy and birth you desire.

1. What is Menstrual Disorder?

Menstrual disorders are any disorders that affect a woman’s normal menstrual cycle. The most common menstrual disorder is amenorrhea, which is the absence of menstruation.

2. What are the Different Types of Menstrual Disorders?

There are four different types of menstrual disorders: 1. Dysmenorrhea 2. Amenorrhea 3. Oligomenorrhea 4. Menorrhagia

3. What Causes Menstrual Disorders?

There are many different medical conditions that can cause menstrual disorders. The most common cause is a hormonal imbalance, which can be caused by conditions like PCOS or thyroid problems. Other causes include endometriosis, fibroids, and pelvic inflammatory disease. In some cases, the cause of a menstrual disorder is unknown.

4. How to Treat Menstrual Disorders?

If you're experiencing any menstrual disorder, you first need to see your doctor. From there, they will likely recommend one of the following treatments: - hormonal therapy: this can be in the form of birth control pills, patches, shots, or vaginal rings. This can help regulate your hormones and make your periods more regular. - non-hormonal therapy: this includes things like over-the-counter pain relievers, anti-inflammatories, and heat therapy. - surgery: in some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove birth control devices or correct anatomical problems.

5. When to See a Doctor for Menstrual Disorders?

If you have any of the following symptoms, you should see a doctor for evaluation of a possible menstrual disorder: -Menstrual periods that occur less than 21 days or more than 35 days apart -Skipped menstrual periods -Bleeding or spotting between menstrual periods -Menstrual flow that is much heavier or lighter than usual -Menstrual cramps so severe that they interfere with your daily activities If you have any questions or concerns about your menstrual cycle, don't hesitate to make an appointment with your gynaecologist.

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