Egg Donation


There are many reasons you could donate your eggs. Some people base their decision on finances because they might be rewarded well for their donations. Some people view it as the act of helping a couple have a child. 

What is Egg Donation?

An egg donor gives their eggs to a receiver for them to get pregnant. This recipient may be the intended parent in some cases or it may be a surrogate who will carry the intended parent's pregnancy.

In Assisted Reproduction Techniques or biomedical research, a woman who donates her eggs aids in the conception of another woman. In vitro fertilization, or fertilising eggs in a lab, is frequently used in egg donation for assisted reproduction. Unfertilized eggs can be frozen and kept for later use, but this happens less frequently. Donating eggs is a form of third-party reproduction when it comes to assisted reproductive technology.

Who can be an Egg Donor?

The capacity of a woman to donate eggs may be impacted by several variables. These elements lower the incidence of congenital abnormalities and raise the likelihood of a successful pregnancy.

The ages of donors typically range from 21 to 35. Women in this age group not only produce more eggs of higher quality, but they also frequently react to fertility drugs more favourably.

Donors must be healthy and free of conditions like HIV and hepatitis C. In addition, they shouldn't be more vulnerable to inherited illnesses like those brought on by the cystic fibrosis gene.

Women who have a high risk of contracting HIV or other illnesses may not be allowed to donate. A person might not be allowed to donate eggs if they are unable to give a complete family medical history.

Some programmes favour women who have previously successfully given birth or donated eggs. 

What is the process of Egg Donation?

The process of Egg Donation is explained below - 

  • The egg donor receives hormone injections to promote multiple egg ovulation. In addition to the one egg that women naturally release each month, the injections enable many eggs to mature at once. When her eggs are mature and ready to be harvested, her fertility specialist plans the procedure. 
  • The egg donor is given a sedative before an ultrasound-guided needle is used to puncture each mature follicle and extract an egg. In a lab, several eggs will be fertilised using the recipient's partner's sperm or a chosen donor's sperm. The procedure in question is in vitro fertilization.
  • Then, an embryo is implanted into the recipient's uterus.

Medication is used to synchronise the cycles of the donor and recipient during a fresh transfer cycle.

What are the risks of Egg Donation?

There are very few risks involved in egg donation. Egg donors are subject to the same IVF procedures, medications, and levels of risk as women who use their own eggs.

Although there is a small risk associated with using anaesthesia during the egg retrieval procedure, serious problems are uncommon.

Some women may bleed when the doctor inserts the needle into the ovary. Rarely, damage to neighbouring blood arteries, the colon, or the bladder may occur. There is little chance of serious injury or major bleeding.

After the eggs are removed, an infection may continue to spread. Antibiotics may be suggested by the doctor to stop this.

The drugs a doctor prescribes to help an egg donor ovulate occasionally result in OHSS, which can be mild, moderate, or severe. Always seek medical advice.

Hospitalisation may be necessary in severe cases, with symptoms like the trusted source:

  • stomach pain
  • difficulty breathing
  • vomiting
  • rapid weight gain

The Bottom Line 

The discomfort you might feel before, during, and after the retrieval process is difficult to predict. Pain may be caused by a variety of things, such as your pain threshold, how your body responds to various medications and any complications you may experience.

Request an appointment at Apollo Fertility in Solapur Clinic. 

Call 1860 500 4424 to book an appointment

1. Do I require donated eggs?

In reality, studies show that couples undergoing an IVF cycle using donor eggs have a 50–60% chance of getting pregnant on the first try; this possibility increases to 90% with additional tries.

2. Do donor eggs have my DNA?

Those who are considering using donor eggs might wonder if any children conceived from those eggs will carry their DNA. Since every embryo contains DNA from both the egg and the sperm in equal numbers, any embryo produced from a donor egg will carry the donor's DNA.

3. How do children of donors feel?

In comparison to sperm donation and natural conception mothers, egg donation mothers were found to represent the connection as being greater in joy and lower in overprotectiveness. Fathers' depictions of the father-child relationship showed no group differences.

4. Is the egg donation process safe?

The egg donation process is completely safe if it is performed under the expert guidance of doctors.

5. Are you awake when the egg is donated?

Retrieval of eggs is done in our office. An IV will be inserted on the day of retrieval, and antibiotics will be administered. Additionally, a sedative will be administered to help you unwind, but you will remain awake throughout the procedure.

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