Fertility glossary

Body Mass Index (BMI): A value which indicates overweight or underweight and is calculated by dividing body weight (Kgs) by square of height (metres).

Catheter: A flexible tube inserted into the cavities, to remove fluid.

Endometrial cavity: Cavity lined by mucus membrane within the uterus

Endometriosis: A painful condition due to the protrusion of endometrial tissue outside the womb.

Endometritis: An inflammation of the endometrial lining due to infection.

Enema: A process of injecting liquid or gas into the rectum to clear the digestive tract contents.

Implantation: The process of attachment of fertilized egg to the wall of the womb.

Incision: A surgical cut which is made on the skin.

Insemination: Insemination is the process of introducing sperm into a female’s uterus for achieving pregnancy through in vivo fertilization.

Intrauterine cavity: Cavity in the uterus where the baby develops.

Miscarriage: A spontaneous expulsion of the underdeveloped fetus from the womb.

Ovulation: The process of release of the egg.

Salpingitis: An inflammation of the fallopian tubes due to infection.

Speculum: A metal instrument to dilate the canals or orifices for inspection.

Tenaculum: A sharp hook-shaped instrument for picking up small tissues.

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