Reproductive Surgery

Females and males need to have a good reproductive system to enjoy a healthy sexual life and to be able to get pregnant. However, various reproductive health problems can create obstacles and lower the chances of conceiving. This is where reproductive surgery comes to play. Reproductive surgery is carried out by urologists and gynaecologists who have specialized in this surgery. It involves different types of operations and can help in restoring normal ovaries, tubes and uterus.

Some Reproductive Health Concerns

Women suffer from various reproductive issues that can be diagnosed and treated through reproductive surgery. These are:

  • Female sexual dysfunction- Recurrent and persistent issues with orgasm, sexual desire and response.
  • Endometriosis- This generally affects the uterus. In this condition, the tissues in the uterus begin to grow somewhere else. It can happen on the bladder, ovaries or behind the uterus.
  • POI- Primary Ovarian Insufficiency is a condition where the ovaries fail to function normally. The patients may develop some symptoms like painful sex, hot flashes and more.
  • PCOS- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a condition that affects the hormone levels in women. They may face symptoms like pelvic pain, infertility and more. Reproductive surgery can be used for ovulation induction and to enhance fertility in females with PCOS.
  • Gynaecological Cancer- Reproductive surgery has been proven to be very effective in detecting and treating cancers that can develop in reproductive organs in women. Some common types of cancers are ovarian cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer or uterine cancer.

Reproductive Health Issues in Men

Reproductive surgery can also be used to diagnose and treat various reproductive health proems in men; these are:

  • Testosterone deficiency
  • Male infertility
  • Prostatitis
  • Prostate cancer
  • Undescended testicles
  • Testicular cancer
  • ·BPH or enlarged prostate, etc.

Some Common Reproductive Surgical Procedures

Whenever possible, the fertility centre will offer a less-invasive approach for fewer risks and faster healing. The type of surgery a patient may need to undergo will depend on the current condition. Some common options are:

·   Hysteroscopy

This is an effective and incision-free procedure where a hysteroscope or a small camera is into the patient's uterus through the cervix. The doctor can see into the uterus to detect the presence of scar tissue and fibroids or polyps. Besides, treatment can also be carried out using surgical instruments to restore the uterine cavity. This a same-day procedure and the patient may recover within one to two weeks, based on the situation.

·  Laparoscopy

This is a minimally invasive surgery where a laparoscope is inserted through the abdomen to see the health of pelvic organs. Besides, other small devices are also used through small incisions to treat problems like ovarian cysts, pelvic scar tissue, hydrosalpinx, and more. The duration of this procedure is around 4 to 6 hours, and the patients may return to their homes at the same time.

·  Vaginal Surgery

In some cases, vaginal surgeries are done to treat congenital abnormalities in the development of the vagina and uterus. The abnormalities may include transverse vaginal septum, longitudinal vagina septum, and partial vaginal obtrusions.

·  Laparotomy

This is also known as an open laparotomy, and this surgery lets the doctor access the whole abdominal cavity of the patient. However, this procedure requires the patients to stay in the hospital, and the recovery duration may take around 5 to 6 weeks. This can be done to treat complex pelvic issues or for abdominal myomectomy.

One should consult a doctor or fertility expert to know which treatment option will be better for treating their condition. Besides the doctor will also explain the possible complications of every procedure.

1. What can one expect with reproductive surgery?

Reproductive surgery can be done through the belly button or through the vagina. Patients may witness minimal pain. Based on the procedure, they may recover within one to two weeks. The patient may expect to check in in the morning and return home on the same day.

2. Will I be put under anaesthesia during the surgery?

Yes, for open surgeries and laparoscopy, the doctor may use general anaesthesia. As the process of hysteroscopy is simple, the patients may opt for conscious sedation.

3. Are there any other methods that I can use?

The best fertility centre in Karapakam can offer you different fertility services, like IVF- In Vitro Fertilization, recurrent pregnancy loss treatments, IUI- Intrauterine Insemination, etc., for women and men. They can suggest you the right treatment for you based on the specific situation.

4. Does reproductive surgery affect fertility?

No, not at all. In fact, reproductive surgery enhances the patient's fertility. The surgeon will remove problem-causing tissues, like fibroids, etc., carefully without damaging other tissues. A woman may be able to conceive successfully after the procedure.

5. I am suffering from chronic pelvic pain. Can reproductive surgery treat that?

Yes, you can opt for reproductive surgery. Not just to increase the chances of fertility, reproductive surgery can also be used to eliminate pelvic pain. Fibroid or endometriosis can cause pelvic pain. These issues can be treated through reproductive surgery.

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