Everything You Need To Know About Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are a common, yet often misunderstood condition experienced by many women throughout their reproductive years. Despite its prevalence—affecting up to 70 per cent of women at some point in their lives—there’s still a lot of misinformation out there about this condition. In this blog post, we will look into everything you need to know about uterine fibroids, from causes and symptoms to treatments and prevention.


Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths of the uterus that often occur during a woman’s childbearing years. Symptoms of uterine fibroids can vary depending on the size and location of the growth. Some women with uterine fibroids experience no symptoms at all. For those who do, common symptoms include:

-Heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding

-Pelvic pain or pressure

-Frequent urination

-Difficulty emptying the bladder fully


-A feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen

-Low back pain

Risk Factors

Uterine fibroids are benign tumours that grow in the uterus. They are usually round or oval and can range in size from a pea to a cantaloupe. Fibroids can grow on the outside of the uterus, in the uterine cavity, or even attached to the cervix.

There are several risk factors associated with uterine fibroids, including:

-Age: Fibroids are most common in women between the ages of 30 and 50.

-Family history: If your mother or sister has had fibroids, you may be at increased risk.

-Obesity: Women who are obese have a higher risk of developing fibroids.

-Diet: A diet high in red meat and fat may increase your risk of developing fibroids.

Treatment Options

There are a number of different treatment options available for uterine fibroids, and the best option for you will depend on a number of factors, including the size and location of your fibroids, your symptoms, and your overall health.

-If you have mild symptoms, you may not need any treatment at all. However, if your symptoms are severe or if you are planning to become pregnant in the future, treatment may be necessary.

-The most common treatment options for uterine fibroids are medication and surgery. Medication can help to shrink fibroids and relieve symptoms, but it is usually only effective in the short term.

-Surgery is usually only recommended if other treatments have failed or if there is a risk of the fibroid causing complications such as miscarriage or infertility.

-The most common surgical procedures for treating uterine fibroids are myomectomy (removal of the fibroid) and hysterectomy (removal of the uterus).

Possible Complications

-The most common complication associated with uterine fibroids is heavy bleeding. Fibroids can cause the uterus to contract more forcefully, which can lead to heavier-than-normal menstrual bleeding.

-This can be accompanied by painful cramping, and it can also lead to anaemia (low iron levels in the blood).

-Fibroids can also cause difficulty urinating or constipation due to their size and location. They can also press on the bladder or rectum, causing urinary frequency or incontinence, or rectal bleeding.

-In rare cases, uterine fibroids can become large enough to cause labour complications or block the cervix, making vaginal delivery impossible. In these instances, a cesarean section may be necessary.

-Uterine fibroids are also associated with an increased risk of miscarrying and premature labour. Women with fibroids should be monitored closely by their healthcare provider during pregnancy to ensure that these complications do not occur.


Uterine fibroids are a common condition that affects many women. It is important to be aware of the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options for uterine fibroids so that you can make an informed decision about what is best for you. While some women may opt to manage their symptoms with medication or lifestyle changes, others may choose surgery as a potential solution. It is recommended to consult a doctor if you or anyone you know is suffering from uterine fibroids. Request an appointment at Apollo Fertility in Amritsar. Call 1860-500-1066 to book an appointment.

1. What are uterine fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are growths of the uterus that often appear during the childbearing years. Fibroids can vary in size; some can be as small as a pea while others can grow to the size of a cantaloupe.

2. What are the symptoms of uterine fibroids?

Some women with small fibroids may not have any symptoms at all, while others may experience heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain or pressure, pain during sex, or difficulty emptying their bladder.

3. What causes uterine fibroids?

The exact cause of uterine fibroids is unknown, but they are thought to be influenced by hormones like estrogen and progesterone. Fibroids also tend to run in families, so there may be a genetic component as well.

4. How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?

If you’re experiencing symptoms that could be caused by uterine fibroids, your doctor will likely order an ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis. They may also recommend a pelvic MRI if more information is needed.

5. How are uterine fibroids treated?

Treatment for uterine fibroids depends on the size and location of the growths. Smaller fibroids may not need treatment, but larger ones may require surgery or medication.

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