Male Fertility

Male infertility is a prevalent issue. The process of conception is challenging and fraught with difficulties. Fortunately, having infertility problems does not exclude you from having a kid of your own with your spouse. There are procedures and therapies that can raise the likelihood of conception.

What does male infertility mean?

An issue with your reproductive system called infertility prevents you from becoming pregnant with a female. If a man and a female engage in recurrent unprotected intercourse for more than a year and the female is unable to become pregnant, either you or she may be experiencing infertility problems.

Several factors affect natural male reproduction. You should be capable of

  • Creating wholesome sperm that may fertilize an egg.
  • Ejaculate while having an erection to help the sperm reach the egg.
  • If you experience issues with one of these, you could be infertile.

The primary reasons for male infertility are listed below.

Sperm Disorder

Male infertility is most frequently caused by issues producing healthy sperm. Sperm may be underdeveloped, have an unusual morphology, or be incapable of swimming. You could not have enough sperm in various situations. And you might not produce any sperm.

Structural Problems

Semen flow can be stopped by anything that constricts the vaginal canal. This can be a hereditary or congenital flaw. Semen can also be blocked by infection or irritation brought on by an STD. Scar tissue from surgeries or twisted, bulging veins in the scrotum is two more explanations.


The process of male fertility is intricate. The following has to happen for your spouse to become pregnant:

  • You need to create healthy sperm. The development of the male reproductive system during puberty is the first step in this process. To start and sustain sperm production, your body needs to create testosterone and other hormones, and at least one of your testicles has to be operating normally.
  • The semen must contain the sperm. When sperm are ready to be released from the penis, they are transported through delicate tubes from the testicles, where they combine with semen.
  • The sperm in the semen must be sufficient. Your partner's egg is less likely to be fertilized by one of your sperm if there is less sperm in your semen (low sperm count).
  • Sperm needs to operate and be mobile. Your sperm may not be able to enter or pierce your partner's egg if its motility or function is faulty.

Risk Factors

The following are risk factors for male infertility:

  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Having a drink
  • Using certain illegal substances
  • Being overweight and having specific illnesses from the past or present
  • Having toxic exposure
  • A testicle overheating
  • Having undergone a testicular injury

Treatment for Male Infertility

Artificial Insemination

This procedure injects a large number of healthy sperm directly into the partner's uterus or at the cervix's opening. After that, the sperm can go to the fallopian tubes.

GIFT, IVF, and other procedures.

Like artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization (IVF) and gamete intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT) function. Your sperm is obtained by your supplier. Then, a large quantity of superior sperm is combined with your partner's eggs. He or she could combine the sperm and eggs in your partner's fallopian tube or in a laboratory.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

An egg is injected with one sperm by your supplier. The process of fertilization then happens under a microscope. The fertilized egg is placed in your partner's uterus by your provider.


90% of all infertile men have the ability to have their own genetic kid thanks to contemporary technologies. You can attempt surgeries and procedures, make lifestyle changes to avoid infertility, and get treatments for the reasons of infertility. If you and your partner haven't been able to get pregnant after a year of unprotected intercourse, don't forget to talk to a doctor.

1. Which medical professionals diagnose male infertility?

Request a referral from your primary healthcare physician to a urologist who focuses on male infertility. Working with a reproductive endocrinologist is another option.

2. How are tests and diagnoses for male infertility performed?

Your healthcare professional may ask you and your partner questions about your sexual preferences. The next course of action may be to undergo testing to determine the cause of infertility if the physical examination and medical history fail to reveal any causes for your failure to conceive.

3. How can a man determine whether he is fertile?

A sperm analysis can be performed to determine a man's sperm count and sperm health in general. A reproductive endocrinologist may be recommended by your doctor. Your symptoms and medical background will be questioned in relation to infertility.

4. Can men increase their sperm count?

Low sperm count remedies include Surgery. For instance, a varicocele may frequently be surgically fixed, and a blocked vas deferens can be fixed. An earlier vasectomy can be undone.

5. What is the men's fertile age?

Men are most productive between the ages of 22 and 25. Having children before the age of 35 is advised. Male fertility declines at this age.

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