Understanding Female Diagnosis
A female diagnosis is a group of different procedures that help a doctor assess a woman's reproductive health. Many times, women are unable to conceive for more than 12 months, even with unprotected sexual intercourse that leads to infertility. Infertility has several underlying factors. Abnormalities of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or uterine lining cavity may be the underlying reasons for infertility. To detect these underlying factors, the doctor performs female diagnostic procedures. Read to learn about each procedure in detail.
You can request an appointment with skilled and experienced doctors at the Apollo Fertility Centre, Amritsar. Call 1860-500-4424 to book an appointment. The doctors will walk you through the necessary procedures and post-procedure care.
Different female diagnosis procedures
1. Ultrasound sonohysterogram (SHG)
Transvaginal ultrasound, often known as SHG, allows for real-time imaging of the uterine lining. It employs sound waves rather than dangerous radiation and is risk-free. The procedure evaluates patients with unusual bleeding or infertility.
A doctor recommends SHG if a routine ultrasound fails to outline the uterine cavity (endometrium) well. A lab technician manages the images created on the computer, and a doctor performs the vaginal ultrasound.
2. Endocrine Assessment
An endocrine system is a group of glands that produce and secrete distinct hormones. Improper functioning of the endocrine system may lead to endocrine disorders. Disorders such as
- thyroid disease,
- development problems,
- sexual dysfunction, and
- various other disorders linked to hormonal imbalance.
A doctor performs an endocrine assessment to diagnose these endocrine disorders. A physician who conducts an endocrine assessment is an endocrinologist. Plus, the endocrine assessment tools
- to find out the hormone levels in a patient's body.
- to ensure that the endocrine system is working correctly.
- to identify the root cause of an endocrinological disorder.
- to confirm an earlier diagnosis.
3. Ovarian Reserve Testing
The likelihood of becoming pregnant declines as a woman ages. Because egg production declines with ageing, it is challenging for women who are 35 years of age or older to get pregnant.
For women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), the doctor suggests ovarian reserve testing (ORT). It determines the level of ovarian reserve in the patient. The ORT determines follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels with a routine blood test. Pregnancy chances increase with an increased ovarian reserve.
4. Tubal Assessment-Hysterosalpingogram
Fallopian tubes that are completely or partially blocked are one of the causes of infertility in women. A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is a tubal examination used to map the internal structure of the uterus and identify blocked fallopian tubes.
The doctor inserts a little tube into the vagina and cervix during the HSG. A dye is then placed in the tube that travels into the fallopian tubes. The dye can flow through the fallopian tubes if they are not blocked. The fallopian tubes are blocked if the dye is unable to travel through the fallopian tubes.
When women experience significant bleeding or excruciating cramps, a doctor may advise a hysteroscopy to assess their reproductive health. It looks for any abnormalities in the uterus.
The hysteroscope is inserted into the vagina by the doctor during the procedure. It is a thin tube with a tiny light at the end. This provides a clear picture of the vagina and cervix and aids in determining the origins of severe bleeding and cramping.
To detect blocked fallopian tubes in female patients, the HyCoSy/HyFoSy procedure uses ultrasonography. The medical professional advises it as a secure method to look for uterine and ovarian problems.
During the procedure, the doctor inserts a catheter into the vagina. Then, he pushes a foamy gel through a catheter into the vagina. If gel spills across both fallopian tubes, there is no blockage. If the gel doesn't spill, though, it might be a sign of a tubal obstruction.
7. Immunological Investigation
Immunological infertility is caused by a woman's immune system's rejection of male sperm. As an immunological response, antibodies are generated by the female immune system against male sperm. Immunological investigation detects the following causes of immune rejection:
- Multiple miscarriages.
- Repeated IVF failures
- Previous immune disorders
- The History of Thyroid Disease
- problems with the placenta, like an early birth or a fetal growth restriction.
A female diagnosis is a group of effective procedures. To find and address the underlying causes of infertility, a doctor performs various female diagnostic procedures. If you have been trying to get pregnant for more than a year and are having trouble, see a doctor.
The female diagnosis procedures are usually safe and low-risk. Your doctor may assist you in the event of any complications during or after the procedures.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common female endocrine disorder.
Irregular periods (problems with ovulation) are the most common cause of female infertility.
A trained physician called an endocrinologist conducts the endocrine assessment.
Excessive bleeding between periods, repeated miscarriages, irregular periods, blocked fallopian tubes, immunological diseases, etc. may indicate infertility.