What is Hysteroscopy?

The application of hysteroscopy helps a surgeon examine your uterus from within to determine and treat the sources of abnormal bleeding. During a hysteroscopy, the cervix and the uterus's interior are inspected using a narrow, illuminated small tube called a hysteroscope that is put into the vagina. Polyps, cysts, or scar tissue can all be removed surgically through an operative hysteroscopy.

Why is a hysteroscopy done?

Hysteroscopy is a technique that can be utilized for both diagnosis and treatment. The doctor could recommend a variety of treatments to diagnose or treat conditions of your uterus and cervix, including hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopy cannot assess issues on the uterus' outer layer or inside the muscle layers because it only looks at the lining and inside of the uterus. A lot of gynecologic issues, such as the following, may be checked with hysteroscopy:

  • Irregular vaginal discharge
  • After childbirth or after a miscarriage, the placenta or other fetal materials are retained.
  • Female vaginal canal structural anomalies that are congenital (inborn).
  • Adhesions and scars from earlier uterus instrumentation or operation, like dilatation and curettage
  • Polyp or fibroids tumors in the uterine lining or the cervix

Hysteroscopy could be performed to accomplish surgical sterilizing as well as to help localize areas of the irregular uterus lining for samples and biopsies.

What happens during a hysteroscopy?

Your doctor might suggest a specialist for this operation. Your feet will be placed in the saddle at the bottom of an operating table as they would typically be for a gynecologic examination during the operation. Depending on the objective for doing it, this could take somewhere between 5 to 30 minutes.

Throughout a hysteroscopy:

  • The speculum is going to be inserted into the vaginal cavity by the doctor. It is comparable to what takes place during a gynecological checkup.
  • The doctor will afterward insert the hysteroscopy instrument through the cervix. They will keep pushing it into the uterus after passing it through the cervical cavity.
  • After that, the tool will slowly inject a fluid or carbon dioxide gas inside the uterus to clean the surface and help in gradually widening it.
  • Your doctor can view the uterus & fallopian tubes thanks to the lights and lens on the hysteroscope's tip. It enables them to make any required diagnoses or surgical operations.

The surgery tools will also be inserted through the hysteroscope tube to carry out the operation when the process is being utilized for the operation.

After the Hysreroroscopy

Soon after it is done, you'll likely be able to get back home. However, if you had local or complete anesthesia, you'll need to have a driver. You might experience some little bleeding and cramps for the first few days following the surgery. Additionally, you might have gas, which could linger for roughly a day. To relieve any discomfort, your doctor might prescribe medication.

After the operation, you must refrain from sexual activity for at least two weeks. The doctor will give you more information regarding how to care for yourself following the surgery before you are released to go home.


Your doctor may be able to determine and treat problems with a single operation thanks to a hysteroscopy. A hysteroscopy is also able to clearly show the inside of the uterus, and it is the least invasive procedure possible. Your surgeon may use hysteroscopy to find problems and eliminate them while causing no damage to nearby tissue.

Risk and complications

Following a hysteroscopy, women can anticipate moderate cramps and minimal vaginal bleeding. Based on the anesthetic used, you can experience some cramps while the treatment is being done. Hysteroscopy risks are uncommon and include uterine rupture, hemorrhage, infections, injury to the urinary and digestive tracts, and health issues brought on by medication or anesthetic responses. The most prevalent consequence, accidental uterine perforation, happens in 0.1% of diagnostic and 1% of surgical hysteroscopies. Some other uncommon risks include fluid overloading and gas embolism, which occurs if gas bubbles from the distending fluid used during the surgery get into the bloodstream.

1. When should I contact a gynaecologist?

There may be a need to contact a gynaecologist for a hysteroscopy when you experience unusual lower abdomen pain, heavy periods, or excessive bleeding with fever, nausea, difficulty peeing, or difficulty breathing. When you experience discomfort or soreness in your pelvis, a doctor may also advise that you undergo this procedure. If you are experiencing these symptoms, you can call Apollo Fertility, Brookfield 1860 500 4424, and schedule a consultation with them right away.

2. How painful is a hysteroscopy?

Everybody has a separate experience. According to reports, a patient's discomfort throughout hysteroscopy can depend on a number of variables, including the length of the process, whether or not the patient has previously given birth, and how worried they were before the operation.

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