Male Diagnosis

What Is Male Infertility?

A reproductive system disorder that prevents a person from becoming a parent is infertility. A guy, a woman, or both may be impacted when a guy experiences male infertility or his reproductive system malfunctions. This implies that you and your female partner cannot become pregnant. Male Infertility is nothing but a man’s continuous failure to have a child with his female partner after several tries. Age, fitness, and food habits play a huge role in male infertility. 

Symptoms Of Infertility

The main symptom of male infertility is If your female spouse hasn't gotten pregnant after you've tried for a year. This entails a full year of regular sexual activity free of contraception. To identify the reason for infertility, your doctor will test both you and your spouse. 

What causes male infertility?

Several factors affect natural male reproduction. Such as,

  • You should be capable of creating wholesome sperm that may fertilize an egg. 
  • Ejaculate while having an erection to help the sperm reach the egg.

If you experience issues with one of these, you could be infertile.

The primary reasons for male infertility are listed below:

Disorder Of Sperm

The most common cause of Male Infertility issues is producing healthy sperm. Sperm may be immature, have an unusual morphology, or be incapable of swimming. You could not have sufficient sperm in various situations. And you might not produce any sperm. There are several reasons for this disorder; which are

  • Inflammatory or infectious diseases. One illustration is contracting the mumps virus following puberty.
  • Issues with the pituitary gland or hormones.
  • Issues with the immune system if you produce antibodies against your own sperm.
  • Lifestyle and environmental influences. These include smoking, drinking excessively, using marijuana or steroids, or being exposed to pollutants.
  • Hemochromatosis and cystic fibrosis are two genetic illnesses that can cause Male Infertility. 

Structural Difficulties

Semen flow can be stopped by anything constricting the vaginal canal. This can be a hereditary or congenital flaw. Semen can also be blocked by infection or irritation brought on by an STD. Scar tissue from surgery or twisted, bulging veins in the scrotum are two more explanations.

When should you visit a doctor?

After Trying to conceive a full year of regular sexual activity free of contraception, if your female partner is still not getting pregnant, you should immediately visit a doctor or can simply request an appointment at Apollo Fertility, Brookfield, by calling this number 1860-500-4424.

Diagnosis Of Male Infertility

Your doctor will examine you physically and go over your medical history. Additional testing for male infertility might consist of the following:

  • Sperm Quantity (semen analysis)

On different days, at least two semen samples are collected. Your doctor will examine numerous factors in the sperm and semen. These factors include how much semen you produce, its uniformity, and its acidity will also consider the quantity, shape, and mobility of your sperm.

  • A blood test

Your doctor may use blood tests to examine hormone levels and rule out other issues.

  • Other tests 

To identify the root of sperm abnormalities or other issues with the male reproductive system, your doctor may do further testing. For instance, your testicles, blood arteries, and structures inside the scrotum may be examined using imaging tests like an ultrasound.


  • Medicine

If you have a hormonal problem that is the root of your infertility, hormone therapy may be able to assist. Unbalanced hormone levels can impact sperm development. An issue might bring them on with the way the hypothalamus, pituitary, and testes communicate. Antibiotics or gonadotropin therapy are possible treatments.

  • Surgery

Your doctor may do surgery to correct issues that prevent sperm from being produced, maturing, or ejaculating. Varicocele surgery removes twisted, bulging veins from the scrotum and can occasionally enhance sperm quality.

  • Use of assisted reproduction techniques (ART):

Depending on your unique situation and preferences, ART treatments may entail acquiring sperm by routine ejaculation, surgical extraction, or from donors. The sperm are subsequently utilized for intracytoplasmic sperm injection, in vitro fertilization, or insertion into the female vaginal canal.

1. What range would be considered "normal" in terms of sperm count?

There are typically between 15 million and 100 million sperm per millilitre. Sperm counts of 10 million or less are regarded as bad, but counts of 15 million or more may be acceptable, provided morphology and motility are normal. About 10-15% of infertile males have no sperm at all.

2. How frequent is infertility among men?

Research indicates that male infertility is as prevalent as that of females. Overall, one-third of instances of infertility are brought on by problems with male reproduction, one-third by problems with female reproduction, one-third by problems with both male and female reproduction, and one-third by unidentified reasons.

3. Do age-related or hereditary conditions affect male fertility? Does ancestry matter?

Male fertility may be impacted by further genetic anomalies such as faulty chromosomes, sperm DNA fragmentation, or hereditary disorders, which call for further investigation.

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