PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease)

What is PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease)?

Hormonal imbalance is the cause of PCOD. Ovulation is a stage of the menstrual cycle in which the egg is released from the ovary. Additionally, ovaries generate a limited amount of androgens (the male reproductive hormone). In Polycystic ovary disease, the hormonal imbalance causes excessive male hormone release. This results in delayed periods and cyst growth in the ovaries. This disease can also result in a total lack of ovulation, which can lead to infertility in women.

The Common Symptoms of PCOD

Many women with PCOD are completely unaware of their condition. It is essential to pay close attention to these symptoms in order to get an early diagnosis.

  • Irregular Periods 

The most prevalent symptom of PCOD. The initial indication of PCOD is irregular or infrequent menstruation. Pay close attention to your menstrual cycle in order to discover PCOD.

  • Mood Swings 

PCOD leads to hormonal imbalance and irregular menstrual cycles. This hormonal imbalance causes rapid shifts in mood.

  • Acne

PCOD wreaks havoc on the body's hormones, causing a variety of cosmetic issues, such as acne. Acne is caused by an excess of male testosterone. Due to PCOD, several women get severe cystic acne.

  • Sudden Weight Gain

In PCOD, the body produces excessive quantities of insulin & male hormones. This causes women to have a rapid weight gain. A typical sign of PCOD is fat accumulation in the lower abdomen.

  • An Oily Face

The skin deteriorates as a result of hormonal imbalance. It promotes acne by producing an overabundance of sebum.

  • Loss of Hair

The majority of women with PCOD have crown balding. Some suffer from total baldness. This is caused by an imbalance in the body's hormones.

  • Diabetes

Due to elevated insulin levels, women with PCOD are at a greater risk of developing diabetes.

  • Skin Darkening

A frequent sign of PCOD is a skin darkening around the neck and genital.

What causes PCOD?

The precise etiology of PCOD remains uncertain. It is a hormonal condition with several contributing factors. Some of the risk factors for PCOD include:

  • Obesity
  • Heredity
  • Increased levels of inflammation
  • High levels of male hormones
  • Unhealthy way of living
  • Poor diet
  • insufficient nutrients
  • Pollution
  • Too Much Insulin

When should I see a doctor?

Visit to gynaecologist at Apollo fertililty at Brookefield, Bengaluru as soon as possible if you experience any symptoms associated with this condition, including but not limited to irregular periods, abrupt weight gain, body and facial hair, or any additional symptoms. For more information you can contact them at 1860-500-1066.

Treatment of PCOD

There is no particular treatment for PCOD. Lifestyle changes and nutrition can aid in its management. Listed below are a few ways to treat PCOD:

  • Exercise regularly
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid sweets and carbs
  • Eat more fiber-rich foods
  • Consume lean, protein-rich food
  • Consume essential nutrients such as, Vitamins B2, B3, B5, and B6
  • Consume several fresh fruits and veggies
  • Avoid estrogen-promoting foods
  • Avoid processed foods and saturated fats
  • Sleep for a minimum of eight hours
  • Practice yoga
  • Manage stress better
  • Keep yourself busy


If you have been diagnosed with PCOS, you should not lose hope. It has a cure. Simply concentrate on keeping a healthy lifestyle, consume a well-balanced, protein-rich diet, stay active, and avoid stress. In women, stress is the leading cause of hormonal imbalance. Do not worry and give your body with nutrients and attention it requires.

1. What are the most effective workouts for PCOD?

Weight loss is crucial to treating PCOD. Effective exercise alternatives include HIIT (High-Intensity Interval Training), aerobic workouts, strength training, mind-body exercises, and interval training. Adding running, brisk walking, and yoga to your fitness regimen will provide further benefits.

2. What are the most beneficial meals for PCOD?

Include in your diet natural, unprocessed foods such as spinach, kale, and other green vegetables. The healthiest foods for PCOD include high-fiber foods such as fish, cauliflower, broccoli, nuts, legumes, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. These foods have an abundance of magnesium, protein, iron, and fiber. They can help naturally treat PCOD.

3. What are the diagnostic criteria for PCOD?

No specific test exists to confirm PCOD. Your physician will review your medical history & do a physical exam to confirm the diagnosis. They may next propose a pelvic exam, blood tests to measure hormone levels, & an ultrasound to examine the ovaries and uterus.

4. How can PCOD be controlled at home?

Maintain your weight within a healthy range. It aids in restoring ovulation by regulating testosterone and insulin levels. Daily exercise is necessary for weight control. Consume a balanced and nutritious diet. Avoid consuming processed meals. Include in your diet iron, protein, vitamins, magnesium, and fiber. Avoid tension.

5. Does PCOD affect women who are sexually active?

PCOD can affect any woman, whether she's sexually active or not. This occurs in women as a result of an unhealthy lifestyle, stress, and hormonal imbalance. Dietary restriction and weight loss can help normalize irregular periods induced by PCOD.

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