Some women experience difficulties getting pregnant due to issues with their reproductive systems. These can range from uterine birth defects to ailments including polyps, fibroids, or endometriosis. If such a disorder is identified during reproductive evaluation, surgery may be required to address the issue.
Reproductive surgery is the application of surgery to the study of reproduction. It can be used as a method of contraception, such as in vasectomy, which involves severing a man's vase, but it is also widely employed in assisted reproductive technologies.
Types of Reproductive Surgery
Reproductive surgeries are of different types. Some of them are as follows-
A tiny camera, or hysteroscope, is inserted through the cervix and into the uterus during hysteroscopy, an operation performed without incision. This enables the physician to make uterine diagnoses, such as those for polyps, fibroids, or scar tissue. To re-establish a normal uterine cavity, treatment can also be carried out using small devices that fit via the hysteroscope. Depending on the circumstances, this same-day operation may be performed at the CRH office or a hospital.
A small camera, known as a laparoscope, is inserted through the belly during a minimally invasive technique called laparoscopy to observe the pelvic organs up close. Additional small devices can be inserted through tiny incisions to address conditions like endometriosis, damaged fallopian tubes (hydrosalpinx), pelvic scar tissue, uterine fibroids, and ovarian cysts. Laparoscopy is an outpatient operation done in a hospital, and patients typically go home the same day.
- Tubal Reversal Surgery
A tubal reversal can be carried out on some patients who have had a tubal ligation to restore sperm and egg contact. The type of tubal ligation used, the patient's age and any additional infertility issues that might exist are just a few of the variables that affect the outcome and determine if this procedure is necessary. Patients may choose in vitro fertilisation (IVF) as an alternative to tubal reversal surgery.
- Vaginal Surgery
Congenital defects in the uterine or vaginal development are treated by specially designed vaginal operations. These may include a transverse or even longitudinal vaginal septum, an incompletely formed cervix or upper vagina, or a partial occlusion of the vagina which is also known as OHVIRA.
Myomectomy is a surgical procedure that removes uterine fibroids without removing the uterus. Numerous procedures are available, and the one selected will depend on the woman's features, the location and size of the fibroids, and other factors. After a myomectomy, more fibroids may develop because it is occasionally impossible to completely remove all of them.
According to the issue faced by the patient, the surgeon or the doctor suggests the type of procedure to be followed.
Benefits of Reproductive Surgery
The benefits of Reproductive Surgery are as follows-
- This surgery helps in restoring and maintaining reproductive surgery
- Helps in better dealing with difficulties in conceiving
- Helps in dealing with issues of infertility
Risks or Complications associated with Reproductive Surgery
Infection of the bladder and skin irritation are frequent adverse effects of this surgery. Rarely do issues become more serious. However, they consist of:
- Injury to a blood vessel in the abdomen, the uterus, the bladder, the colon, and other pelvic structures
- Nerve injury
- Allergy symptoms
- Clots of blood
- Difficulties in urinating
The following circumstances raise the chance of complications:
- Abdominal surgery in the past
- Extensive endometriosis
- Being extremely skinny
- Pelvic infection
- Chronic bowel disease
The Bottom Line
These techniques typically have positive outcomes. With the use of this equipment, the surgeon can quickly identify and treat several issues. In comparison to open surgery, recovery time is also shortened. Technological advancement has aided many issues, the reproductive problem being one of them.
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Our physicians provide the most cutting-edge methods for surgically treating reproductive conditions such as endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and uterine fibroids that result in infertility. Gynecologic procedures performed expressly to maintain or restore reproductive function are referred to as reproductive surgery.
Reproductive surgery refers to gynaecological procedures that are expressly intended to maintain or restore reproductive function. Specialists in reproductive endocrinology and infertility among gynecologic surgeons are specifically trained to pay attention to a woman's future reproductive requirements.
Following a hysterectomy, a woman's menstrual cycle terminates and she is unable to become pregnant. The ovaries frequently continue to produce hormones despite occasionally having decreased activity.
In a single, 4-5 hour operation, this treatment offers both functional and aesthetically pleasing female genitalia. During your surgical consultation, you will receive a thorough explanation of the procedure's specifics, the recovery process, the anticipated results, and any potential complications.