A sonohysterogram, commonly known as a saline injection sonogram or sonohysterogram, is a technique used to examine the inside of the uterus. It's a secure exam that generates graphics using vibrations and a computer. Radiation is not used in it.

The region where a baby develops during pregnancy is the uterus (womb). The cervix is the term for the bottom of a uterus. This is the uterus' entrance. The vagina's top is where the cervix is located.

You will be awake and resting flat with your knees bent during a sonohysterogram. Your vagina receives an ultrasound transducer—a little wand. This wand has a distinctive gel coating and a disposable sheath to protect it.

A medical professional will then implant a catheter, a small, flexible tube, into your cervix. Through the catheter, saline, a salty liquid, is delivered to your uterus. The transducer simultaneously transmits sound waves into your body through the gel. These sound wave echoes provide a real-time picture of the interior of your uterus that reveals the organ's anatomy. The saline solution aids the ultrasound in producing a clearer, more detailed image.

Who qualifies for surgery or procedure?

Uterine Fibroids, Uterine Polyps, Scars inside the uterus, the unusual shape of the uterus, and cancer in the uterus are the causes that qualify you for the procedure. You might require this test if a regular ultrasound exam doesn't provide enough details to make a diagnosis.

The optimal time to have the operation is the week after the end of your menstrual cycle. The test will be more accurate as a result. You'll experience less infection risk as a result.

You can consume food and beverages as usual on the day of your treatment. All of your prescriptions can be taken as normal moving forward.

In order to lessen discomfort, your doctor could suggest taking some pain reliever beforehand. Before the test, you might be instructed to take medication to help avoid infection.

On the day of the surgery, you might wear an absorbing pad in your underwear. This is because, following the operation, saline fluid will flow from the uterus.

Why is the ultrasound sonohysterogram conducted?

Medical professionals use sonohysterography to identify a variety of medical disorders, such as:

  • Uterine tumours
  • Ovarian polyps
  • Uterine cancer, abnormal uterine form, and internal scarring

You may get the advice as follows:

  • Abnormal bleeding during a period
  • Infertility
  • Multiple miscarriages
  • Abnormal pelvic examination

You might require this test if a regular ultrasound exam doesn't provide enough details to make a diagnosis.

  • Sonohysterography offers certain advantages over other uterine information-gathering techniques. Other testing consists of:
  • Hysterosalpingography: This is a radioactive kind of X-ray.
  • MRI: A computer and big magnets are used in this imaging procedure. The image of the uterus' insides provided by an MRI might not be as precise.
  • Hysteroscopy: Anesthesia is used during this surgical procedure.

Advantages of a surgery or procedure

It's crucial that you only undergo a sonohysterogram when it's safe to do so and when your doctor can see your uterus the best. To guarantee this, your provider will:

Make sure you are not pregnant. You could be asked to test for pregnancy by your doctor. A sonohysterogram is not permitted when you are pregnant.

Make sure you're not infected. Before the operation, your doctor can perform a pelvic check to make sure there aren't any infections.

If necessary, provide medicines to stop irregular bleeding. Your healthcare professional would recommend medication to manage your irregular bleeding. If you are bleeding, it will be more difficult for your healthcare professional to see your uterine lining clearly.

Risks or complications

Sonohysterography is a low-risk, safe technique. Some women endure discomfort during the treatment, and some cramping both during and after. An extremely minimal chance of pelvic infection exists. Your medical professional will take action to assist in stopping this.

The surgery should not be performed on females who have chronic pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Your doctor could recommend a pregnancy test before the operation. This is to protect a developing infant from any potential risks. Saline sonohysterography should not be performed on pregnant women.

Taking painkillers before the surgery may make you feel less uncomfortable at times. Although there is a small danger of infection, your providers can take precautions to avoid it.

Take an appointment at Apollo, Varanasi, by calling 1860-500-4424 for better results.

1. What is detectable by a SHG?

Many issues, such as irregular uterine bleeding, infertility, and recurrent miscarriage, can be resolved through sonohysterography by identifying their root causes. It can identify information regarding the size and depth of abnormal uterine growths such as polyps or fibroid tumours. The uterus's internal scar tissues!

2. Why do people need a SHG?

Your doctor can uncover any problems with your uterus and endometrium that may be causing unfavourable indications, including bleeding, pelvic pain, and infertility, using a sonohysterogram.

3. Does a SHG affect ovulation?

The study demonstrates that using the oil-based contrast increases the likelihood of conception and that the HSG technique can assist women with fertility problems in becoming pregnant.

4. What may I anticipate following a SHG?

After the surgery, you can suffer minor bleeding and/or cramps for a few days. You might use an over-the-counter (OTC) painkiller like Motrin or Advil for cramps.

5. Do ovaries appear on a SHG?

Ultrasound scans provide pictures of various body areas using high-frequency sound waves. The uterus, ovaries, and surrounding tissues may all be seen.

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