What is Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy, also known as keyhole surgery or diagnostic laparoscopy, is a surgical procedure used to inspect the insides of the abdomen, pelvis, or reproductive organs. It allows the doctor to conduct an examination without making large incisions in the skin. Hence, laparoscopy is known as a low-risk, minimally invasive surgery.

Laparoscopy uses a thin instrument known as a laparoscope. Equipped with a high-quality light source and a camera, it serves as the eyes inside the organs.

The laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen by making a small incision. Once inside, it sends images to a monitor, thus aiding with the investigation and subsequent diagnosis.

Why is Laparoscopy Performed?

Many non-invasive tests, such as CT scans, ultrasound scans, or MRI scans, aid with diagnosis. However, they are not always successful in determining the precise cause of a condition or disease.

This is where laparoscopy comes in. Although laparoscopy helps detect underlying issues, it can also perform a biopsy sample for further investigation or to operate on affected organs.

Who Should Get a Laparoscopy?

Generally, the doctor may advise laparoscopy for patients suffering from the following issues:

●       Abdominal or Pelvic Pain

●       Presence of a tissue mass, abdominal tumour, or abnormal growth

●       Internal bleeding that cannot be explained

●       Abdominal Infections

●       Conditions related to the pancreas, liver, or gallbladder

Laparoscopy may also help detect cancerous tissues in the liver, gallbladder, ovaries, pancreas, or bile duct. During the procedure, the surgeon may take a sample of organ tissue and send it to the lab for further examination.

Additionally, laparoscopy is an effective tool for treating various conditions. These may include, but are not limited to:

●       Gallbladder removal in the case of gallstones

●       Treatment or removal of stomach ulcers

●       Removal of an inflamed appendix

●       Removal of a portion of a diseased organ

Laparoscopy is also an important procedure for women's health. It allows for the review and treatment of a variety of reproductive conditions. These may include:

●       Diagnosing endometriosis

●       Investigating blockages in the fallopian tube

●       Diagnosing/treating fibroids or ovarian cysts

●       Treating pelvic organ prolapse

●       Treating Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

The decision to perform a laparoscopy is entirely at the discretion of a medical professional. If you are suffering from any of the conditions listed above, please seek medical attention immediately. You can easily request an appointment at Apollo Fertility, JP Nagar by calling 1860-500-4424.

Why Choose Laparoscopy?

Compared to other treatments, laparoscopy is less invasive. All it requires is a few targeted incisions into your skin.

Typically, laparoscopy is performed as an outpatient procedure. You could be discharged on the same day as your surgery. However, this depends upon the scale and scope of treatment.

Some advantages of laparoscopy include:

●       Brief hospitalization

●       Fewer internal and external scars

●       Quick recovery

●       Low-intensity pain, therefore, less need for pain medication

●       Return to normal life sooner

Laparoscopy Complications to be Aware of

Risks during laparoscopic surgery might include the following:

●       Access Injury: When the surgeon attempts to gain access to the abdominal cavity, vascular or trocar injuries may occur.

●       Respiratory Acidosis: Gas absorption in the pneumoperitoneum (abdominal cavity) can cause acidification of body fluids. This is known as respiratory acidosis.

●       Risks from previous surgery: Any previous surgery-related adhesions may increase the risks from laparoscopy.

Laparoscopy is a fairly common procedure nowadays. It entails a less invasive approach that aids medical professionals in making an accurate and timely diagnosis. To know more, you can request a consultation at Apollo Spectra Hospitals, JP Nagar, Bengaluru location by calling 1860-500-4424.

1. Can a hysterectomy be carried out laparoscopically?

Yes, laparoscopy is one of the methods to perform a hysterectomy. They are typically carried out under general anaesthesia. A laparoscope may be inserted through small incisions in your abdomen or vagina to remove the womb.

2. How painful is a laparoscopy?

As the anaesthetic wears off, you may experience low-intensity pain. In addition, the areas where the incisions were made may be sore. Due to the gas used during the procedure, you may also experience abdominal cramps.

3. What are the dos and don'ts after laparoscopy?

● Don't drive or engage in rigorous activity for at least 48 hours post-surgery ● Clean the area around your incisions carefully ● Don't stop your prescribed course of antibiotics midway

4. How long does a laparoscopy take?

The length of laparoscopy depends on the extent of surgical intervention. If the goal of the laparoscopy is to make a simple diagnosis, the procedure usually takes 30-60 minutes. It may take longer if an organ or condition is being treated.

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