Knowing and Managing PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is commonly seen among women, which can be controlled with lifestyle management and medication. 

What is PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. It is estimated to affect between 5-10% of women of reproductive age and is one of the most common endocrine disorders. PCOS is characterised by a variety of symptoms, including irregular menstrual cycles, increased levels of male hormones, enlarged ovaries with multiple small cysts, and hormonal imbalances. These symptoms can lead to difficulty getting pregnant and can also cause long-term health problems, such as diabetes, heart disease, and endometrial cancer. But the good news is the condition is manageable to a large extent. To know about the causes and remedies of PCOS, read further.  

Types of PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and their symptoms

PCOS has different types, and each type may cause different symptoms. 

  • Insulin Resistance PCOS

It is one of the most common types and is characterised by an inability of the body to process insulin. Women with this type of PCOS may experience excessive weight gain, hirsutism, and anovulation.

  • Adrenal PCOS

It is another type which is caused by an overproduction of androgens. Those with adrenal PCOS may suffer from hirsutism, acne, and irregular menstrual cycles.

  • Post-pill PCOS

Post-pill PCOS occurs in women who have recently stopped taking birth control pills and can cause infertility, hirsutism, and irregular periods.

  • Inflammatory PCOS

It is caused by chronic low-grade inflammation and is associated with elevated markers of inflammation, fibroids, and endometriosis.

Complications and risk factors associated with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

Women with PCOS are at greater risk for long-term health complications, including 

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Infertility
  • Depression
  • Anxiety 
  • Sleep Apnea 
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease.

Additionally, PCOS can lead to obesity and an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome, a cluster of conditions that increase the risk of stroke and heart disease. If left untreated, PCOS can cause several complications, including infertility, gestational diabetes, and even miscarriage.

Treatment for PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

The first step in treating PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)is to make lifestyle changes to reduce the symptoms. This includes eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and getting plenty of rest. This will help to regulate hormones and reduce the risk of further complications. In some cases, medications such as the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) may be prescribed to regulate hormones and reduce symptoms such as acne, excessive hair growth, and irregular periods. Other medications, such as metformin, can be used to help reduce insulin resistance, which is a common complication of PCOS. 

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) can be a difficult condition to manage, but with the right approach and treatment plan, it can be effectively managed. To consult experts, you can book your appointment with Apollo Fertility, JP Nagar. The healthcare providers here create an individualised treatment plan that works for you. To book your slot, call on 1860-500-1066. 

1. How common is PCOS among women of reproductive age?

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome), is a condition estimated to affect up to 10% of women of reproductive age. It is caused by a hormonal disorder that can cause a range of unwanted symptoms and health complications, such as irregular periods, infertility, and even diabetes.

2. Can I get pregnant even if I am diagnosed with PCOS?

It is possible to get pregnant while living with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome). Studies show that many women with PCOS can conceive and have a healthy pregnancy after receiving proper medical treatment.

3. What lifestyle changes can help manage PCOS?

Here are some changes you can make to help keep your PCOS under control: • First, eating a balanced diet is essential. Focus on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and limit processed foods, sugar, and unhealthy fats. • Second, regular physical activity can help manage your PCOS symptoms. • Third, it’s important to get enough sleep. • Fourth, it’s important to reduce stress levels.

4. Can PCOS affect a woman's psychological health?

Depression and anxiety are common among women with PCOS. Studies have shown that up to 70% of women with PCOS experience depression, and up to 55% experience anxiety.

5. Will I transfer PCOS to my unborn baby?

Generally, PCOS is not a heritable condition and is not inherited from parent to child. However, studies have shown that daughters of women with PCOS may more likely develop PCOS during puberty. It is also possible that the hormonal imbalances associated with PCOS could be passed along to the baby during pregnancy.

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