Endometriosis & adenomyosis- All you need to know

Endometriosis & adenomyosis are female reproductive problems that can be treated with proper medication and management. 

Endometriosis & adenomyosis are two common disorders affecting millions of women worldwide. Both conditions involve the abnormal growth of the tissues that line the uterus, but they have distinct causes and effects. Even though it can be difficult to handle these two conditions, treatments are available for both. In this article, we will discuss the differences between Endometriosis and Adenomyosis, their symptoms, and the treatments available. We will also examine how these conditions affect fertility and overall health.

Causes of  Endometriosis & Adenomyosis

Endometriosis & adenomyosis are two distinct but related conditions which can cause severe pain and other symptoms in women. While the exact causes of these conditions are not entirely understood, several factors are thought to contribute to their development. 

One of the primary factors is thought to be an imbalance of hormones, particularly estrogen. Estrogen is a hormone essential for a woman’s reproductive health, and when levels become too high or too low, it can cause the lining of the uterus to become thicker. This can lead to the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, known as endometriosis.

In addition to hormonal imbalances, several other factors are thought to contribute to the development of endometriosis and adenomyosis. These include genetic predisposition, immune system problems, past surgeries, and environmental toxins. Estrogen dominance, in which the body produces too much estrogen relative to other hormones, has also been linked to the development of these conditions. Additionally, it is thought that using certain medications and exposure to environmental toxins can increase a woman’s risk of developing endometriosis or adenomyosis.

Common symptoms of Endometriosis & Adenomyosis

The level of pain caused by endometriosis & adenomyosis can range from mild to severe, yet some individuals with endometriosis don't experience any symptoms. Additionally, about one-third of women with adenomyosis don't have any symptoms either. It is possible for some of the symptoms to be similar to those of other medical conditions, such as uterine fibroids or ovarian cysts. Common signs and symptoms include:


  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Painful periods
  • Abnormal bleeding or prolonged periods
  • Chronic Pelvic Pain
  • Infertility
  • Enlarged uterus


  • Painful periods
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Painful urination
  • Pelvic pain
  • Fatigue, nausea, and diarrhoea, especially the periods

When should I see a Doctor?

If you are experiencing any of the discussed endometriosis & adenomyosis symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention.

For treating endometriosis & adenomyosis, visit Apollo Clinic, JP Nagar. We have doctors from various specialities to serve our patients in their hours of need. Call us at  1860-500-1066, and we will be happy to help. 


Endometriosis & adenomyosis are two of the most common causes of chronic pelvic pain in women. Fortunately, many treatments are available for both Endometriosis and Adenomyosis. For those with milder cases, lifestyle modifications such as exercise, stress reduction, and dietary changes may be enough to alleviate symptoms. For more severe cases, medications such as hormonal contraceptives, progestin, and GnRH agonists may be necessary to reduce the amount of endometrial tissue.

In more extreme cases, surgery may be recommended in order to remove the endometrial tissue. Laparoscopic surgery is the most common type of surgery used to treat Endometriosis and Adenomyosis.

Additionally, there are also several alternative remedies available to those suffering from Endometriosis and Adenomyosis. Acupuncture and massage therapy may also be beneficial in reducing pain and inflammation. Finally, supplementation with vitamins and minerals such as vitamin D, vitamin E, zinc, and magnesium can help to reduce inflammation and improve overall health.

It is important to discuss all of your treatment options with your healthcare provider to find the best solution for your individual needs. With the right combination of lifestyle modifications, medications, and alternative remedies, it is possible to effectively manage Endometriosis & adenomyosis.

1. What are some of the risk factors?

Numerous elements can play a role in causing adenomyosis. These components are advanced reproductive age, uterine fibroids, past D&C, past ectopic pregnancy, and endometriosis. This ailment is commonly seen in women between the ages of 35 and 50 but can also affect young adults.

2. Can adenomyosis co-exist with other gynaecological conditions?

Yes. Adenomyosis can co-exist with other gynaecological issues.

3. Is endometriosis a sexually transmitted disease or infectious?

No. A person cannot get endometriosis from another.

4. Is endometriosis inherited?

Endometriosis is not yet understood, but research indicates that first-degree relatives of women who have this disease are at seven-fold risk.

5. Are Endometriosis & Adenomyosis identical?

Both conditions have endometrial tissue growing in different places.

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