Menstruation and Fertility

June 13, 2018

The menstrual cycle of a female is often considered with her fertility. For the very same reason often when you visit a pay to your gynecologists, the very first thing they enquire about is your menstrual cycle. In the menstrual cycle, a woman’s body undergoes is a series of changes wherein the ovary releases an egg and the uterus prepares for pregnancy. If a female has been trying to conceive for a long time and has been unable to do the same, her menstrual cycle may hold an answer to it.

Women having a regular menstrual cycle tend to ovulate regularly. Their menstrual periods occur at regular fixed intervals that usually varies from 26 to 30 days. The greater the intervals between menstruation cycle, higher the chances of having the problem of dysfunctional ovulation which is one of the common causes of infertility.

Length of menstruation can vary from female to female or even in one female from one month to another. Reason for variation can be many from weakness to stress or sickness to some serious disease. Apart from the length of menstruation, amount of bleeding experienced by a female during it is also a considerable factor.  While regular heavy bleeding which is also known as menorrhagia usually is experienced by ovulating women only. Metrorrhagia or irregular heavy bleeding, on the other hand, is mostly experienced by a woman who is not ovulating at all or is ovulating irregularly.

How can pain during menstruation be associated with fertility? Usually, every woman, at least for once experiences some kind of a menstrual pain in her lifetime.

Pregnancy is only possible during the fertile window in a woman’s cycle ( 5 days before ovulation through to ovulation day). If a woman has had an intercourse before ovulation, the chances of her getting pregnant are almost nil. Her probability of pregnancy is about ten percent if she has had unprotected sexual intercourse five days before she ovulates. Now, this day of ovulation varies from female to female depending on the length of her menstrual cycle.

Therefore, your menstrual cycle holds a lot of information about your fertility. And hence for any irregularity in the same should be consulted with a specialist.

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