What are the common reproductive problems in women?

July 11, 2018

There are several problems related to the reproductive system that women suffer from. Some of the common reproductive problems in women are:

1. Vulva and Vaginal problems

The inflammation of the vagina and vulva is called Vulvovaginitis. It is usually caused by irritation from soap or detergent. Inflammation also occurs if the hygiene is not maintained like not rinsing from the front to the back after defecation. Itching and redness in the vaginal and vulva area are signs of Vulvovaginitis. A woman suffering from this condition may also notice some excretion of fluid from the vagina. The accumulation of foreign particles in the vagina commonly causes non-menstrual bleeding. Uterus shedding can also cause bleeding. It occurs when the vagina is stuck out by the mucous membrane of the urethra and a soft tissue-shaped ring forms, which leads to bleeding. Cycling and trauma caused by sexual harassment also cause non-menstrual bleeding.

2. Fallopian tube and ovarian problems

When the development of the fertilized egg takes place outside the womb, the egg gets stuck to the fallopian tube. This leads to an ectopic pregnancy. Severe abdominal pain occurs in women with this condition. This needs to be treated by a surgical procedure and thus, one needs to consult a doctor as soon as possible in this case.

The formation of soft tissue generally occurs in the uterus. If the soft tissue develops either in the fallopian tube, the ovaries or other pelvic areas, then it can lead to Endometriosis. Painful menstruation, pelvic pain, and abnormal bleeding are caused by Endometriosis.

Ovarian tumours are statistically rare, but there are still many chances of these occurring in women. Ovarian tumours cause pressure in the abdomen and discomfort in the upper part of the stomach. For removing the tumour, a procedure has to be performed immediately.

The abnormal glands containing some semi-solid material or fluid, created in the ovaries are called ovarian cysts. It is not an uncommon problem, classified as non-fatal. The cysts become harmful when they continue to grow larger and can cause stomach pain and put pressure on the organs surrounding them.

In many cases, cysts may not require a treatment and will disappear. Your doctor may prescribe medicine if the cyst feels painful to stop the growth or may also perform a procedure to remove the cyst. When there is an increase in the production of androgens by the ovaries, women suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Due to this condition, the ovaries become large which leads to the development of a cyst. Mostly teenage girls suffer from this syndrome. With respect to the severity of this syndrome, this condition can be treated by using hormonal and menstrual balancing drugs.

3. Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Diseases such as human papillomavirus, gonorrhoea, pelvic inflammatory disease, herpes, syphilis, and HIV/AIDS are transmitted in women through sexual intercourse. These are commonly caused by unprotected sex and cause problems in the reproductive system. A woman should consult a doctor if she notices any symptoms of the above-mentioned problems. A majority of the health issues associated with the reproductive system can be addressed easily.

Book an Appointment




Ovulation Calculator