Drugs and female infertility

September 19, 2018

Infertility is on the rise ever than before. More causes are being earthed with more research and maintaining fertility is not the same as it was before. Poor lifestyle habits, other health problems, drug abuse and medications have all contributed to infertility. In fact, usage of drugs and medications have a close relation to your infertility. It can influence fertility in more ways you can imagine.

How do drugs affect male and female infertility?

Usage of drugs and certain medication greatly affects fertility in both males and females. It has adverse effects in altering the hormone cycle which controls the basic mechanisms. Drug abuse can result in low sperm count, decreased sperm motility and testosterone production. In women, it can disrupt the ovulation cycles and alter the functioning of ovaries which decreases the ability to conceive.

What drugs and medications can affect fertility?

1) Marijuana

Smoking marijuana might be a source of relaxation among people but it can surely ring the warning bells of your infertility. Marijuana contains THC which is known to decrease sexual desire and sperm production in males. Marijuana is known to cause lack of ovulation in women as it decreases the luteinizing hormone which is required for ovulation.


Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen can have an effect on ovulation and decrease the ability to conceive.

3) Herbal medications

Certain herbal medications contain substances which can mimic the production of estrogen affecting female health. In males using extracts of herb such as Tripterygium wilfordii can reduce the size of the testicles and lower sperm production.

4) Steroids

Use of steroids can decrease the sperm motility and sperm count in men. In women, these can prevent the release of vital hormones which are needed for menstruation and ovulation.

5) Chemotherapy

Medications used in chemotherapy can cause ovarian failure in women and lower sperm production in men.

6) Thyroid medications and use of Viagra

Thyroid medications can hamper prolactin synthesis in women and the use of medications such as Viagra, sulfasalazine can affect the production of sperms in men.

7) Neuroleptic medicines

These medicines are used to treat psychosis can cause missed periods and female infertility.

8) Alpha Blockers

Alpha blockers are used in treating the urological condition of an enlarged prostate. These can cause a significant reduction in the volume of ejaculation or may stop ejaculation completely.

Read more: Causes of female Infertility


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