Understanding recurrent pregnancy loss

June 30, 2018

A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a woman’s pregnancy before the 20th week that can be both physically and emotionally painful. It is the most common type of pregnancy loss and often occurs because the fetus isn’t developing normally. Symptoms may include fluid, blood or tissue passing from the vagina and pain in the stomach or lower back. Unfortunately, it can’t be reversed once it has started. However, medication or procedures such as a dilation and curettage can attempt to prevent it. In addition to this, counseling and support are widely available.

Recurrent miscarriage or pregnancy loss is if there have been three or more miscarriages in a row. If one has experienced recurrent miscarriage, one should definitely visit a gynecologist. The doctor will try to identify the reason for the losses. Experiencing another miscarriage after first miscarriage may leave you shattered. At times, it becomes hard to keep hopes in future. But there have been cases where even after recurrent miscarriages females have been able to successfully deliver a baby.  

There are different types of miscarriages:

•    Threatened miscarriage

•    Inevitable miscarriage

•    Incomplete miscarriage

•    Complete miscarriage

•    Missed miscarriage

How common is the problem of recurrent miscarriage?

About one in 100 women experience recurrent miscarriage. It can often not be determined why it keeps happening to some women. But certain problems that cause this problem can be identified.

What can cause recurrent miscarriage?

When one has endured recurrent miscarriage, the one question she probably wants to be answered is: “Why is this happening?” Even if there is no reason found for the miscarriages, it is still possible of a successful pregnancy happening next time.

Conditions that are known to lead to recurrent miscarriage include:

•    Antiphospholipid syndrome: A problem that makes blood clot when it should not.

•    Genetic problem: Any of the male or female or both the partners may have some abnormality in chromosomes.

•    Problem with the womb or cervix.

•    Vaginal infection

•    Hormonal problems: Hormones play a great deal in body functioning. And also they are often interrelated which means improper functioning of one hormone would affect another.

•    Lifestyle factors: Lifestyle changes are imperative during pregnancy and cannot be ignored. A slight change in the lifestyle can affect the chances of a female getting pregnant to a great extent.

A woman has a higher tendency towards miscarriage if she:

•    Is over age 35

•    Has certain diseases, such as diabetes or thyroid problems

•    Has had three or more miscarriages

Important points to remember pertaining to recurrent pregnancy loss:

•    It can be treated. It is not impossible to solve the problem.

•    If it has happened once does not mean it would happen again.

•    It has got no effect on the health of the child.

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