Inability to conceive can be a result of both male and female infertility. There are many methods to detect infertility in men. One of the popular and widely used methods is spermiogram. Spermiogram or semen analysis is a test done to analyse the male sperm. In this test, both the fluid (semen) and the cells (sperm) are analysed. Spermiogram is also done to make sure that there is no sperm left in semen after the procedure of vasectomy.
WHAT IS A SPERM?
Sperm is the male reproductive cell which fuses with and fertilizes the female reproductive cell to create a new life. The production of sperms in male is characterised by a number of factors such as age, food habits, lifestyle, etc.
The three main factors considered in a sperm test are:
1. Morphology or shape of sperm
2. Sperm motility or the movement of sperm
3. Sperm count
REASONS TO UNDERGO SPERMIOGRAM:
1. Testing male infertility
2. Testing vasectomy success
HOW IS THE SAMPLE COLLECTED FOR TESTING?
You will be asked to keep a few things in mind before submitting your samples. Some of these measures include:
1. Avoiding ejaculation at least 24 hours before the test.
2. Avoiding cigarettes and alcohol before the test.
3. Discussing your medications with the practitioner.
4. Avoid drugs and caffeine.
Mainly, semen sample is collected through ejaculation. Some other ways of collecting the sample include electronic stimulation or having an intercourse with a condom. For a good analysis, the sample must be submitted within an hour of ejaculation it should also be kept at body temperature.
INDICATIONS OF ABNORMAL TEST RESULTS:
The results of the test will be available in a matter of week. Many factors will be taken to consideration while analysing the sample including the shape, count, motility, density, etc. The doctor might ask you to go for a second test, if needed. If the results are abnormal, these might be the probable reasons:
3. Genetic defect
5. Hormonal imbalance
There are no health risks associated with spermiogram or semen analysis.