Tubal Assessment- Hysterosalpingogram

What is a Hysterosalpingogram?

In a hysterosalpingogram, the uterus is examined for form, and an X-ray dye is used to determine whether the fallopian tubes are open. This X-ray is unique since it has fluoroscopy and contrast material. This radiological treatment is regarded as a crucial examination of female reproductive potential. It is beneficial to see the fallopian tubes so that any issues may be identified. The physicians can recognize the reproductive issues brought on by blocked fallopian tubes, look into miscarriages brought on by uterine issues, properly understand the shape of the uterus, and correctly identify them. 

The procedure

During a gynaecological examination, a cannula injects radiographic contrast, or X-ray dye, into the uterine cavity through the vagina and cervix. If the fallopian tubes are wide open, dye fills them and leaks into the abdominal cavity while the uterine cavity fills with dye. By doing so, it becomes clear if the fallopian tubes are open or obstructed and whether the obstruction is at the point where the tube meets the uterus or at the other end of the tube.

Does a hysterosalpingogram improve ovarian function?

According to researchers who are currently learning more about the process, positive outcomes have been seen after people have taken this exam. The hysterosalpingogram test has helped to boost pregnancy rates marginally. This could have been achievable due to the flushing of the tubes clearing out some dirt or removing a slight obstruction impeding the couple's ability to conceive. For diagnostic purposes, doctors prefer to do this test.

Measurements one needs to keep in mind

  • When a person has to take this test, they should plan to do so just before or after their period. After six to ten days of the menstrual cycle would be the best period.
  • The test shouldn't be performed at that time if the woman is pregnant, has a pelvic infection, or is dealing with another major medical condition because it will only worsen their condition.

Why should one do it?

Verify whether a tubal ligation or tubal reversal was successful

The doctor can find out if a woman's fallopian tubes are closed with the use of a hysterosalpingogram, which may be the cause of her infertility. When a tubal ligation treatment effectively seals the fallopian tubes, it can also demonstrate the opposite process, rendering it impossible to become pregnant.

Make plans for more imaging

Inconsistencies in the uterus, such as fibroids or an aberrant shape, can be found during a hysterosalpingogram test, which the gynaecologist can use to arrange for other imaging procedures such as Sonohysterography and hysteroscopy.


  • Complications are uncommon because this test is minimally invasive, much like a regular X-ray.
  • This test provides important information about issues with becoming pregnant or bringing a fetus to term by displaying a clear image of the fetus on a television monitor.
  • With the aid of the dye, it may be possible to unblock obstructed fallopian tubes, enabling women to conceive later.
  • After an X-ray test, the body has no radiation.
  • In the conventional diagnostic range for this scan, X-rays often don't have any negative side effects.
  • The patients may learn about the outcomes in a matter of hours, and it is not laborious.

Is it that effective?

The hysterosalpingogram test allows one to determine if the fallopian tubes are open or obstructed, which is important for a woman's ability to become pregnant. The doctor can identify issues with fertility as well. The sperm go via the open fallopian tubes to fertilize the egg, providing a clear route for conception in females. Contrarily, blocked fallopian tubes prevent these processes from occurring and are a major contributor to infertility. During the test, a dye is applied to unblock the blocked tubes.

When can one see a doctor for this process?

A hysterosalpingogram test might be performed on someone who has been trying to conceive for a long time to find out exactly their issues. After getting their injection, the person will immediately benefit from this test if they have obstructed fallopian tubes. If you are experiencing trouble conceiving, don't be afraid to see a doctor for a prompt diagnosis. By contacting 1860-500-4424, you can simply make an appointment for a consultation at Apollo Fertility in Brookefield.

1. Does getting pregnant shortly after a hysterosalpingogram (HSG) test pose any risks?

Minor fallopian tube obstructions can be cleared with the HSG test, which aids in a woman's ability to conceive. Since the effects of the injection last for three to six months, it is typically indicated that it is safe to try to get pregnant shortly following the test or after getting done with the injection.

2. What adverse effects may a hysterosalpingogram test have?

When the dye exits your body, there can be a gummy vaginal discharge. The lower abdomen pain and discomfort, combined with the persistent bleeding, will last for a few days. Even though the person can have slight nausea, all of these symptoms will eventually go away with time. If you experience any symptoms after the test that differ from those of another individual, see a doctor immediately.

Book an Appointment




Ovulation Calculator