PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease)

PCOD is a common medical condition affecting women of reproductive age. PCOD full form is Polycystic Ovarian Disease. A considerable percentage of young women in India may have a PCOD problem.

Women between 18 and 45 may suffer from PCOD, however, it is more likely to strike at a young age. PCOD causes the release of partially matured or immature eggs by ovaries, resulting in problems like weight gain, irregular menses, and infertility. PCOD is a treatable condition through diet control and lifestyle changes.

What are the symptoms of PCOD?

PCOD symptoms may appear around the start of menstruation (menarche). The condition may come to notice following weight gain or difficulty getting pregnant. These are some of the common symptoms of PCOD among women:

  • Irregular periods with a gap of two to three months
  • Excessive bleeding during periods
  • Abnormal hair growth over the face and other parts of the body
  • Excess weight gain 
  • Infertility
  • Thinning of scalp hair resembling male pattern baldness
  • Darkening of the skin under the breasts and around the groin area

What are the causes of PCOD?

PCOD causes are still uncertain. However, physicians believe that certain environmental or genetic factors may be at play. The following may contribute to the PCOD problem:

  • Early onset of periods
  • High levels of insulin causing a rise in male hormones
  • Hereditary factors
  • Unhealthy dietary habits
  • Lack of exercise or a sedentary lifestyle
  • Hormone therapy

When to see a doctor for PCOD treatment?

The presence of one or multiple PCOD symptoms underlines the need to visit a doctor. Besides, look out for the following symptoms. If you find them persistent, consult a doctor immediately.

  • Eating disorders
  • Sleep apnea
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Miscarriage 
  • Psychological issues such as depression
  • Problem getting pregnant
  • Metabolic syndrome

Visit an established fertility clinic in Varthur if you notice any of these PCOD problems.

Request an appointment at 

Apollo Fertility, Varthur 

Call 1860 500 4424 to book an appointment 

What are the suitable options to treat PCOD?

The treatment of the PCOD problem combines lifestyle modifications and medications. There is no specific cure for PCOD. However, effective symptom management can resolve multiple PCOD problems.

  • Adopting an active lifestyle comprising regular exercise
  • Regulating menstrual cycles with appropriate hormonal treatment
  • Reducing body weight through diet modification
  • Improving chances of conception with infertility treatment
  • Exploring surgical options if there is no response to hormonal therapy 
  • Monitoring hormone levels periodically 


PCOD or Polycystic Ovary Disorder is a common medical condition affecting women during the child-bearing age involving the endocrine system. Poor lifestyle, heredity, hormone imbalance, stress, and obesity are possible PCOD causes.

PCOD has no direct impact on fertility, as women can conceive with the help of suitable medications despite having PCOD problems. Proper diet and lifestyle changes can improve the outcome of PCOD. Consider visiting a reputable fertility hospital in Varthur to explore treatment options.

Request an appointment at 

Apollo Fertility, Varthur 

Call 1860 500 4424 to book an appointment 

1. Is weight gain a common symptom in women having PCOD?

Abnormal weight gain is a common PCOD problem. It can result from elevated levels of male hormones, metabolic issues, and an imbalance of hormones. The weight gain is usually around the waist in PCOD.

2. Does the PCOD problem affect women after marriage?

PCOD can be present after marriage because of changes in lifestyle and stress. Following a proper diet and active lifestyle with regular exercise can help avoid the onset of PCOD after marriage. Managing excessive body weight if a woman gains abnormal weight after marriage is advisable to reduce the possibility of PCOD.

3. What are the treatment options to get pregnant despite having PCOD?

Controlling symptoms of PCOD by effectively managing body weight and improving lifestyle can improve the possibility of pregnancy. However, there are several treatment options if a woman cannot conceive, these include- Assisted Reproductive Technique (ART) provides effective medications to help a woman with PCOD get pregnant. Considering an early pregnancy is a helpful strategy, as the production of eggs may be hampered at a later age.

4. How does a gynaecologist diagnose PCOD?

Diagnosis of PCOD requires a complete medical history and a review of symptoms besides a pelvic exam. Blood tests like blood glucose tests and lipid profile tests are helpful for the diagnosis of PCOD. Doctors may perform ultrasound tests to examine the uterine lining and the ovaries.

5. Are PCOD and PCOS the same?

These are different medical conditions causing hormonal disturbances in women. PCOS's full form is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. PCOS can lead to complications and is less common in comparison with PCOD. Women having PCOS may find it difficult to get pregnant because of hormonal irregularities.

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