The term "sexual dysfunction" is used to indicate ongoing, reoccurring problems with sexual responsiveness, orgasm, or pain that irritate you or complicate your relationship with your partner.
At some point in their lives, many women struggle with their ability to perform sexually, and some of them still do. Sexual dysfunction in women can occur at any stage of life. Any sexual situation could trigger it, or only certain ones.
What is Female Sexual Dysfunction?
Female sexual dysfunction can show itself in a variety of ways. A low libido, pain during sex, trouble feeling pleasure, and trouble having an orgasm are all common among women.
Numerous factors, including physical diseases, hormonal changes, marital problems, and social factors including societal expectations surrounding sex, can contribute to these experiences. Sometimes they can affect a person's relationships or mental health.
Understanding the patient's treatment needs and goals as well as the most likely underlying reason is necessary for treating female sexual dysfunction. To find out more about the various sexual dysfunctions that women can have, keep reading.
What are the causes of Female Sexual Dysfunction?
Sexual dysfunction may have physical causes such as:
- Blood vessel problems- According to some research, blood vessel disorders may be the root of the problem with blood flow. These illnesses may restrict blood supply to specific female reproductive system parts. Blood flow to the vagina, labia, and clitoris must be enhanced during sexual stimulation.
- Certain medications and treatments- Some medicines affect sex. Antidepressants may decrease your capacity for orgasms or decrease your desire for sex. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs, are particularly prone to have detrimental effects on sexual function. Cancer treatments can also have a deleterious effect on hormone levels.
- Gynecologic disorders- Endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, and vaginitis are a few gynecologic disorders that may cause pain during sexual activity. Vaginismus, a condition that causes spasms in the vaginal muscles, can make intercourse challenging for people who have it.
- Hormone fluctuations- Hormone fluctuations can cause vaginal shrinkage or dryness, which can make sex painful. Another consequence of decreased oestrogen levels is diminished vaginal feeling. Pregnancy, surgery, and menopause can all affect hormone levels.
What are the treatments for Female Sexual Dysfunction?
Together with their medical team, women can create a treatment plan for sexual dysfunction. Understanding the underlying psychological or physical issues is essential before choosing therapies.
- Arousal techniques- Discuss with your partner the various methods you might raise arousal and desire. Think about altering your sexual regimen. You could also attempt sexy products (devices, films, or books for sexual stimulation), massage, or masturbation.
- Counselling- Consulting a mental health expert may be beneficial. To have enjoyable sex, you can overcome psychological or emotional obstacles. You can select either individual or couple counselling.
- Hormone therapy- Your doctor may suggest using oral or topically applied hormones, vaginally delivered medications, topical creams, or other treatments depending on your symptoms.
- Medication- Only bremelanotide (VyleesiTM) and flibanserin (Addyi®) have been licenced to treat women with low sex drive (hypoactive sexual desire disorder). Only premenopausal female patients are eligible for this kind of therapy. Other drugs that are used "off-label" to treat sexual dysfunction can be discussed with you by your doctor.
The Bottom Line
For many women, sexual dysfunction can be an upsetting and difficult condition. However, you shouldn't feel embarrassed or humiliated about it. Finding the source of the issue might be made easier by being open and honest with your spouse and your healthcare professional.
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Lack of adequate stimulation is a common cause of orgasm issues in women. being concerned about performing in bed. disturbances of emotions, such as depression.
For the evaluation of women with sexual complaints or concerns, a thorough history and physical examination are required. Women with atypical physical examination findings or suspected comorbidities may benefit from laboratory screening, even though it is rarely useful in guiding diagnosis or treatment.
The phrase "sexual dysfunction" refers to a group of issues that have an impact on your sex life. Sexual dysfunction, among other issues, might lessen your desire for sex or your capacity to arouse yourself sexually. It might stop you from experiencing an orgasm, trigger an early ejaculation, or hurt when you're having sex.
A few months to years can pass while having erectile dysfunction (ED). You might have ED for the rest of your life, depending on the underlying cause. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM V), states that for erectile dysfunction (ED) to be diagnosed, it must last for at least six months.
Treatments for erectile dysfunction are generally effective, and the problem frequently goes away. Specific treatments are also available for some of the causes of erectile dysfunction. Patients with erectile dysfunction are routinely given medications like sildenafil (marketed as Viagra) by doctors. Additionally, pharmacies sell it.