Cervical & Uterine Factors (Fibroids)

What is Cervical & Uterine Factors (Fibroids)?

Cervical & Uterine Factors or Fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) tumour growth that develops in the inside walls of the uterus (womb).

The location, shape and size of uterine fibroids can vary greatly. Small fibroids often do not show symptoms and do not need treatment. However, in some women, these fibroids can develop quite large enough to distort the sensitive walls of the uterus. In such cases, these fibroids cause symptoms including pelvic discomfort, heavy bleeding and pain. These symptoms may require immediate medical attention.

Several fertility hospitals in Varthur offer advanced techniques for the early diagnosis and treatment of fibroids.

What Are the Common Symptoms of Cervical & Uterine Factors?

Early-stage or small-sized uterine fibroids generally show no signs or symptoms.

More advanced or large-sized fibroids may have the following symptoms:

  • Heavy menstrual periods
  • Frequent urination
  • Excubrating pelvic pain
  • Increased muscle cramps
  • Pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Constipation
  • Enlarged uterus
  • Miscarriage
  • Infertility

Please request an appointment at Apollo Fertility, Varthur, Bangalore for any gynaecological concerns. Call 1860-500-4424 to book an appointment.

What Causes Fibroids?

The extract cause of fibroids is not clearly understood. Some research suggests that their development is associated with estrogen levels.

Estrogen is the female sex hormone that plays a critical role in maintaining and regulating reproductive development in women.

Uterine fibroids usually grow during a woman's reproductive years (between the age of 16 to 50) when estrogen levels are at their highest.

When to Consult a Doctor?

Individuals who suspect of developing or experiencing any of the following signs are ideal candidates for gynaecologist consultation:

  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Bleeding or spotting discharge between periods
  • Prolonged and painful periods
  • Chronic pelvic pain 

Fertility hospitals in Varthur offer the best treatments for fibroid complications, periods, and vaginal concerns.

How Are Fibroids Treated?

The location, severity, and the patient's health dictate the nature of the fibroids treatment. Minor cases usually do not cause health concerns and do not require treatment. On the other hand, multiple fibroids or large fibroids may require medical assistance.

The following are treatment options for uterine fibroids:

Medication: Medication can help temporarily alleviate fibroid symptoms. The most promising medications include gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists or agonists, progestins (synthetic progesterone hormone), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and selective estrogen receptor modulators.

Surgery: Severe uterine fibroids may not respond to conservative medication treatment options. In such cases, surgery is recommended. The following are popular surgery options for fibroid:

  • Hysterectomy: Surgery to remove the total or affected uterus (womb).
  • Myomectomy: Surgery to remove only the fibroids (tissue growths) from the uterus.
  • Endometrial ablation: Minimal invasive surgical procedure to remove affected uterine lining (endometrium)
  • Uterine fibroid embolization: A minor surgical procedure to help shrink the fibroids in the uterus.

It is important to consult a gynaecologist to know about nonsurgical alternatives before the surgical fibroid treatment. Fertility hospitals in Varthur provide more guidance on alternative treatment options.

What Are the Possible Risks and Complications Associated With Fibroid Surgery Treatment?

Fibroid surgery procedures are relatively safe, but they can have risks, such as:

  • Bleeding
  • Surgical infection
  • Need for a repeat procedure
  • Damage to internal organs and surrounding tissues in the abdomen
  • Scar formation
  • Bowel or urinary problems
  • Fertility issues
  • Pregnancy complications


Cervical & Uterine Factors (Fibroids) are non-cancerous growth in the uterus. Fortunately, most uterine fibroids are not dangerous and resolve without medical treatment.

If there are symptoms, various medications or surgical treatment options are available to help alleviate pain and discomfort.

Request an appointment

at Apollo Fertility, Varthur, Bangalore

Call 1860-500-4424 to book an appointment

1. Who is more prone to develop fibroid?

Individuals with the following conditions are at increased risk of developing fibroid: o Obesity o Diabetes o Malnutrition/ vitamin D deficiency o Age (being over 40) o Family history of fibroids o High blood pressure

2. How are fibroids diagnosed?

The following test may help diagnose fibroid, o Ultrasound scan o Pelvic examination o CT scan o Magnetic imaging resonance (MRI) o Laparoscopy

3. What are the benefits of fibroid treatment?

o Ease chronic pelvic pain o Regulates irregular menstruation or periods o Reduces risk of developing urinary complications o Preserves the health and vitality of the uterus

4. How to Prevent Cervical & Uterine Factors?

The occurrence of uterine fibroids can not be prevented. But, there are certain lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of developing fibroid. These include, o Eat healthy diet o Quit sedentary lifestyle o Keep blood pressure and sugar level in check o Manage the stress level o Schedule regular doctor visits in case there are any symptoms o Stay hydrated

5. What Are the Different Types of Fibroids?

Based on their location in the uterus wall, uterine fibroids are classified into four major types, namely, o Intramural fibroids: These fibroids occur predominantly within the wall of the uterus. o Subserosal fibroids: These fibroids extend outside the uterine wall. o Submucosal fibroids: These fibroids protrude towards the uterine cavity, which is space within the uterus. o Pedunculated fibroids: These fibroids are variations of subserosal or submucosal fibroids. They grow at the end of small stalks of the uterus. Request an appointment at Apollo Fertility, Varthur, Bangalore Call 1860 500 4424 to book an appointment

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