Female Fertility

Increasing age creates changes in fertility. In their adolescent years, both males and females become reproductive. Ovulation and menstruation begin to occur in girls, which marks the start of their reproductive years. These years last until menopause, after which women can no longer get pregnant.

In general, as women age, their reproductive capacity declines, and their fertility almost terminates 5 to 10 years before menopause. Read on to know the causes of infertility in women and how a fertility hospital in Varthur can help you.

Causes of Female Infertility

  • Ovulation Issues: There are various reasons why a woman cannot ovulate (release eggs) regularly. Hormonal imbalances, eating disorders, thyroid disease, severe stress, and pituitary tumours are a few examples that can have an impact on ovulation.
  • Egg quantity and quality issues: Women are born with eggs, but these eggs can be "depleted" early in menopause. Moreover, some eggs have wrong chromosome numbers and cannot be fertilized or develop into healthy fetuses. Besides, chromosomal problems, such as 'balanced translocations,' where a part of the chromosome breaks off and attaches elsewhere, can affect ovarian cells. 
  •  Age plays an important role—the quantity and quality of a woman's egg decline with advancing age. 
  • Cervical or uterine abnormalities: Fibroids or polyps in the uterus also affect a woman's fertility.
  • Early menopause/ primary ovarian insufficiency: This happens when tissues lining the inside of the uterus start growing outside the uterus. 
  • Medical conditions like autoimmune diseases, celiac disease, and uncontrolled diabetes can cause menstrual cycle disturbances, thus affecting fertility.
  • Ovulation disorders like PCOS, thyroid problems and hyperprolactinemia may also lead to infertility.

When Should You Consult with a Doctor? 

Make an appointment with a fertility specialist or reproductive endocrinologist if you are less than 35 years and have been actively trying to conceive for 12 months. You can reach out to a fertility clinic in Varthur for the best guidance.

Request an appointment at

Apollo Fertility, Varthur, Bangalore

Call 1860-500-4424 to book an appointment

When Will You Need Fertility Testing?

The specialist at the fertility centre in Varthur will review your medical history during your initial consultation. They will then outline the fertility tests (for you and your spouse, if applicable) you will need to undergo. These will comprise physical exams and blood tests. While inspecting the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes, the doctor will typically prescribe an ultrasound and an X-ray. 

Things to Know Before Your Appointment with a Fertility Doctor

  • Basal Body Temperature(BBT): By keeping track of your BBT for several months, you may be able to find this out for yourself before your appointment.
  • Keep track of days when you are ovulating: Your doctor will want to know if you are ovulating (releasing eggs every month). You can either track this manually or download an ovulation calculator or app that can track it for you.

What Are the Fertility Treatments Available?

The treatment options available after fertility testing are:

  • Using fertility medications that encourage regular ovulation for women.
  • IUI (Intrauterine insemination)- IUI involves the direct implantation of healthy sperm into the uterus at the moment that the ovary releases one or more eggs for fertilization.
  • IVF (In vitro fertilization) helps with fertility and prevents genetic problems as well. In this procedure, mature eggs are collected from ovaries and fertilized with sperm in a lab. 
  • Surgery-Laparoscopic/Hysteroscopic surgery may be required if infertility is caused by a blockage in the fallopian tubes.

It is always advisable to visit a highly trained fertility specialist if you suspect any problems. You can book your appointments at a fertility clinic in Varthur and get your treatment done.

Ways to Promote Female Fertility 

  1. Healthy weight: Being significantly underweight or overweight leads to disturbances in normal ovulation patterns. 
  2. Avoid working on night shifts: Working on night shifts can potentially lead to infertility and affect hormone production. If you are working night shifts, manage your sleep when you are not working. 
  3. Healthy diet: Eating balanced meals is vital in promoting fertility. Ensure you're getting all the vitamins and minerals that your body needs.


Several factors can affect a woman's fertility, creating difficulties in getting pregnant. If you have been unsuccessfully trying to get pregnant, contact a fertility hospital in Varthur for a consultation with a specialist.

Request an appointment at

Apollo Fertility, Varthur, Bangalore

Call 1860-500-4424 to book an appointment

1. Is infertility a male or a female problem?

Infertility affects both males and females.

2. Can infertility be prevented?

It is possible to avoid infertility by limiting the risk factors that cause it. However, several causes are not controllable, such as age, infections, and other medical conditions.

3. Is infertility becoming more common?

Yes, infertility rates are rising due to unhealthy lifestyles.

4. What makes it difficult for a woman to conceive?

The following causes make it difficult for a woman to conceive o Problems with ovulation, o Blocked fallopian tubes, o Endometriosis, o PCOS, o Premature menopause, o Fibroids, o Thyroid problems, o Turner syndrome.

5. How do I know if I'm a fertile female?

You are fertile if your menstrual cycle lasts 28 days (regular periods). However, if you still can't conceive, see your doctor.

Our Doctors

Book an Appointment




Ovulation Calculator