Recurrent Miscarriage

Pregnancy is a complicated journey with lots of ups and downs. And sadly, this journey sometimes ends abruptly with a miscarriage. 

Miscarriages are quite common and can be due to many reasons. More than 15-20% of pregnancies often result in miscarriage in the first trimester. Most couples do conceive naturally after having 1-2 miscarriages. However, it can be a cause of concern if you have had two or more miscarriages over a period of time. This condition may be known as recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). In such cases, you may visit a fertility centre in Varthur to understand the causes and various treatment options available to you.

What are the symptoms of a miscarriage?

A miscarriage is the sudden or unexpected loss of a fetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy. This may happen due to many reasons. If you are pregnant, you must visit your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms-

  • Sudden pain or cramping in the lower abdomen
  • Bleeding or vaginal spotting
  • Fluids or lumps pass through your vagina.

Though spotting normally occurs in the first trimester, excess bleeding is a red sign in pregnancy. If you have had more than two miscarriages, it may be time to consult the best fertility clinic near you before planning your next pregnancy. Your doctor may run some tests to understand the cause and prevent the possibility of future miscarriages. 

What are the causes of recurrent miscarriages?

Miscarriages often happen when the fetus isn’t developing normally. Most of the time, women carry on to have successful pregnancies after a second miscarriage. However, you may visit the best fertility centre in Varthur if you have had more than 2 miscarriages in a row. 

Some common causes of miscarriages are-

  • Chromosomal abnormalities- An extra or missing chromosome is the most common cause of a miscarriage
  • Uterine abnormalities- The presence of uterine fibroids or uterine scarring can lead to a miscarriage
  • PCOS- Having Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) can increase your chances of having a miscarriage
  • Luteal Phase defects- When ovaries are suffering from a Luteal Phase defect, they are not ready for pregnancy, which often results in a miscarriage. 
  • Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome- This is a condition where the mother produces antibodies that cause the clotting of blood vessels in the developing fetus. The fetus is deprived of nutrition, resulting in a miscarriage. 
  • Other factors- Other environmental factors such as a sudden fall, accident, or lifestyle habits such as drinking or smoking may also lead to a miscarriage.

When should you see a doctor?

During your pregnancy, you should immediately visit your doctor if you notice sudden cramps in your lower abdomen. Bleeding or spotting is also a major red flag. If you feel a tissue or a lump passing through your vagina accompanied by bleeding, consult your doctor immediately. 

What are the treatment options for recurrent miscarriages?

Treatment options normally depend on the cause of the miscarriage. Thankfully, most issues except genetic problems can be treated. You can visit an IVF centre near you so that your doctor can conduct tests to evaluate the exact reason for your miscarriages. This will enable your doctor to chart out a treatment plan accordingly. 

Some common treatment plans for recurrent miscarriages include-

  • Blood thinning medications- if you are suffering from an auto-immune disease, your doctor may start you with blood thinning medications like low-dose aspirin during your pregnancy to lower the chances of a miscarriage.
  • Genetic testing- Genetic testing is recommended for couples who have had more than two miscarriages in a row. If any one of the parents is known to have chromosomal abnormalities, doctors may recommend IVF procedures along with preimplantation genetic testing to select a healthy embryo for a healthy pregnancy. 
  • Surgery- Uterine issues such as fibroids or extra tissue (septum) that divides the uterus can be corrected through surgery. Sometimes, the irregular shape of the uterus can also result in a miscarriage. This can also be corrected through surgery. 
  • Other medical issues- If the mother is suffering from other health issues such as high blood pressure, thyroid, or hormonal issues, it may result in a miscarriage. Doctors may recommend medications to treat the same to increase the chances of a healthy pregnancy. 


Miscarriages may be heartbreaking and require mental strength to handle. However, advancements in the field of medicine have made it possible to have a healthy and normal pregnancy even after suffering from recurrent miscarriages. You can visit the best Fertility centre in Varthur to understand your treatment plans and other options available to you. 

Request an Appointment At

Apollo Fertility, Varthur, Bengaluru

Call 1860-500-4424 to book an appointment

1. Can poor egg quality increase the chances of a miscarriage?

Yes, poor egg quality can increase your chances of a miscarriage. The poor egg quality may be due to advanced maternal age. The later in life you decide to get pregnant, the greater the chance of miscarriage.

2. Is recurring miscarriages a sign of infertility?

No. Miscarriage and infertility are different. If you can get pregnant, this means you are not infertile. Miscarriages can occur due to many factors that can be medically corrected.

3. Can poor sperm quality cause a miscarriage?

Yes, poor sperm quality is a highly contributing factor to miscarriages. Your doctor may recommend a sperm check and genetic testing to chart the treatment course for you.

4. What are the chances of my 2nd or 3rd pregnancy ending up in a miscarriage?

If your 1st pregnancy ended with a miscarriage, there is a 20% chance of a 2nd miscarriage. This increases to 28% in the 3rd miscarriage and over 43% chance of a 4th miscarriage.

5. Can multiple miscarriages have a genetic factor?

Yes. some cases of multiple miscarriages are known to be caused due to genetic polymorphisms. Genetic testing can help ascertain this condition.

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