Egg Donation

What is Egg Donation?

Egg donation is a process where a woman (donor),  provides her eggs (or oocytes), which are used to aid another woman in having a baby, as a form of assisted reproduction. Fertility is carried out by mixing the male partner's sperm or donor sperm with donor eggs. If there are no medical reasons why a woman shouldn't carry a pregnancy, donor egg IVF is a viable choice for her. 

How likely is it that a donor egg cycle will lead to pregnancy?

In most cases, the chances of egg donation IVF's success in the first attempt is 50 to 70 per cent and up to 90 per cent with three attempts. The likelihood of the process' success mostly does not get affected by the recipient's age as it depends on so many other variables. The average birth rate per embryo transfer for all egg donor programmes was 55% in 2010, according to statistics provided by the Centres for Disease Control.

Egg donation is used by whom?

The Egg Donation procedure opts mostly by-

  • Couples who desire to conceive a child biologically, but are unable to, as the partner's eggs can not conceive. 
  • Women who lack ovaries but have an intact uterus. 
  • Women have genetic conditions that they don't want to pass on to their offspring.
  • Women aged 42 and older.

What tests are performed on the recipient?

The recipient should be prepared for the following test:- 

  • Tests were performed to look for diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, hepatitis B and C, and HIV. 
  •  To ensure that no donors carry the cystic fibrosis gene, tests should also be performed on each donor.
  • The donor's history and ethnic origin should be taken into consideration when performing additional genetic tests. Even though this testing is not necessary, certain systems analyse chromosomes and check for the Fragile X condition.

Who is eligible to donate eggs?

Women who are willing to donate their eggs to a recipient are known as egg donors. Women between the ages of 21 and 34 are eligible to donate eggs.  The donor can be anonymous (unnamed) or acquainted with the intended parents. Through egg donation programmes or organisations, anonymous donors are found who are not known to the recipient.

Some couples, however, use advertisements to find donors. Donor recruitment without the use of an intermediary to vet the donors should be done with caution, and recipients should seriously consider consulting legal counsel. Known donors, also known as directed donors, are frequently a recipient's close friend or relative but in such cases as well legal counselling is recommended. 

Who ought to give egg donation a thought?

Women who want to have children but are unable to do so using their eggs can use egg donations. This could be a result of several factors, including menopause or the fact that she was born without ovaries.

The fact that she previously had an insufficient response to hormonal stimulation of her ovaries, or poor egg or embryo quality from prior IVF cycles. If a woman has a genetic condition that she doesn't want to pass on to her children, she might also decide to use a donor.


Poor egg quality caused by older mothers is the most frequent factor driving single women and couples to consider egg donation. The quality of a woman's eggs declines significantly after the age of 37. The choice of going for egg donor IVF is voluntary and is completely the call of the intended parents. Consult a doctor, to know more about the process and your eligibility for egg donation.

Request an appointment at Apollo Fertility in Varthur. 

Call 1860 500 4424 to book an appointment

1. How many eggs is a woman capable of giving?

A woman is capable of giving around 10-20 eggs.

2. What is the ideal age to donate eggs?

Ages 21 to 30 are considered to be the optimum range for egg donors. It can take up to a few months for an intended parent to select an egg donor. Thus, many egg donor organisations will not take in a new donor who is beyond the age of 29.

3. What negative impacts might egg donation have?

During an egg donation cycle, there is a very small chance that ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) will manifest. OHSS typically follows egg retrieval and manifests as abdominal pain, bloating, swelling of the ovaries, and weight gain. However, the chances are less for the same to happen.

4. Is egg donation painful?

Egg donation is mostly painless. The egg retrieval is carried out when the donor is sedated so they won't feel any pain. A donor may experience some bleeding and/or cramping after the procedure, and she will typically feel exhausted from the sedation. Although it typically goes away by the following day, it may last for a week or longer. In case the discomfort lasts for much longer and/or interferes with your daily routine we recommend checking in with your doctor.

5. Can a woman conceive after egg donation?

Yes, you can conceive after giving your eggs away. The egg retrieval procedure will not affect your future fertility, and the majority of women who have given their eggs go on to have healthy pregnancies despite the fact that there are a few negative effects that can happen in very rare circumstances.

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