In India, there are lots of couples or women who are dealing with infertility. As a result, they are unable to conceive. However, for them, a sperm donation programme can be an effective option. In such a programme, sperm donated by a man is used to help a couple or woman conceive.
The sperm collected from the donors can be used for in vitro fertilisation and intrauterine insemination. Besides, sperms are also used in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and intracervical insemination (ICI) procedures. The person who wants to donate his sperm must undergo a comprehensive medical check-up. The donor should understand the legal, emotional and psychological issues related to the donation before making any decision.
When Should One opt For a Sperm Donation Programme?
As the fertility experts, donor sperm is an excellent treatment option for women or couples with:
- Poor quality sperm or low sperm count
- Complete absence of sperm or Azoospermia
- Who doesn't want to go for ICSI or IVF
- Male partners who have genetic abnormalities and want to avoid transmission of the abnormalities to their future children.
- Multiple IVF failures due to sperm issues.
Nowadays, lesbian couples and single women are among the largest groups of people opting for sperm donor programmes. A single woman may want to become a single parent as she worries about age-related issues, or she never wants a relationship but wants to become a mother.
Apart from this, some less common reasons to opt for a sperm donation programme are that a couple has utilised an egg donor and wants the same genetic equality between the intended father and mother.
The Process for the Donors
Males between 18 and 40 can get in touch with a sperm bank or a fertility centre in Karapakkam or in their locality to donate their sperm. They will have to visit the clinic, and a semen analysis test will be conducted. The donors must avoid masturbation or sexual intercourse for around seven days before their first appointment.
The fertility clinic will use the sperm sample to check sperm morphology, sperm motility, sperm count, etc. After that, the doctor will conduct a detailed medical screening and ask about the donor's medical history and family's health.
If the sperm meets all the necessary parameters and the donor's medical history is good, they can begin with the registration process and sign a consent form. The doctor may ask for urine or blood samples to test for genetic conditions and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
If the screening result is good, the patient will get an appointment with the doctor to learn more about the process, and the donor will then get the money for the donation.
Some Possible Risks of Using Donated Sperm
Using sperms of other males can lead to some complex issues. The child may be born with some genetic health issues due to faulty screening of sperm. So, it will be beneficial for couples or women to consult a doctor specialising in third-party reproduction.
The final results
Different factors can influence women's chances of conceiving using donor sperm. For instance, the number of inseminations per cycle, method of insemination, pregnancy history, and age can impact the process. The success rate is high among women with no fertility issues. Women unable to conceive after multiple cycles should talk to fertility experts in Karapakkam to get tested for fertility problems.
Many couples or individual women in Karapakkam and throughout the country wish to have a child, but they cannot do so due to some fertility issues. When low sperm count or male fertility is an issue, sperm donation can be an excellent option for them.
Yes, of course. At the first appointment, the donor can discuss the process and better understand the benefits and possible risk factors. Some fertility centres in Karapakkam offer counselling sessions.
After collecting the sperm, the sample will be covered and frozen or cryopreserved for around 180 days. Some tests will also be conducted for any possible infectious diseases.
In India, the law offers a protected status to donors. As per the law, a sperm donor will not be held financially as well as legally responsible for the child born through the donation. So, there will be no parental responsibility.
Every sperm donor can produce around five to ten families. Some families prefer to opt for the same donor for sibling children. Donors also, if they want, can restrict this number. Please talk to the doctor for more information.