Hysteroscopy – An aid in better diagnosis and treatment


This test is conducted to identify the root cause of unusual bleeding from the uterus and assess its general health of it. In this test, a device is inserted into the vagina to observe the cervix and uterus. This device is known as a hysteroscopy. 

This process is performed to identify and treat the following –

  • Identification and removal of polyps and fibroids from the cervical cavity and uterus.
  • Identification and removal of scar tissues on the wall of the uterus which hamper the menstrual flow.
  • Identification and removal of the septum, an unusual growth in the uterus since birth.
  • Identification and treatment of repeated miscarriage.
  • Identification and treatment of infertility.
  • Identification and removal of placental tissue in the uterus.
  • Identification of intrauterine device.
  • Application of this process due to unusual results of other tests like pep smears.
  • Aid in fitting birth control devices.

This process is utilized in both diagnosis and treatment. The advantage of this process is as below –

  • Aid the doctor in the identification and treatment of the problem in a single operation.
  • It is limited invasive and very accurate.

Risks factor associated with Hysteroscopy

Though this process is very safe, but are always expected and observed risks involved with any surgical process. They are as follows – 

  • Occurrence of infection in cervix or uterine.
  • Occurrence of extensive bleeding posts the process.
  • Chances of occurrence of scarring in the uterine cavity.
  • Chances of occurrence of injury to cervix or uterus or nearby organs.
  • Chances of occurrence of allergy from elements used for enlarging the uterus.
  • Chances of occurrence of reaction from the administration of anaesthesia.

Preparation for Hysteroscopy

This requires preparation on various fronts. They are as follows –

  1. Patient –It requires fulfilment of the following checklist – 
  • Whether are you pregnant?
  • Have you had any allergies?
  • Are you suffering from a pelvic infection at present?
  • What medication you are consuming?
  • You may undergo a physical examination to check your fitness.
  • You will be required to provide details of earlier occurred bleeding disorders.
  1. Preprocess – This involves the fulfilment of the following checklist –
  • The exam should be conducted after menstruation and before ovulation.
  • You should be advised to take antibiotics or pain killers few hours before the process to get ease from discomfort
  • You will be asked to urinate for emptying your bladder
  • Before the test, the expert should counsel you about the procedure and objective of the test
  1.  Conduction of test – It involves the following step –
  • You will lie down on the table in a position in which your knees will be bent but your legs will be open.
  • A hysteroscope is inserted in your vagina and placed in the uterus.
  • Now the doctor will slowly release the liquid solution into the uterus to clear it from any mucus and blood. This helps in a clear view of the inside of the uterus and fallopian tube. 
  • Now a surgical device will be inserted to remove unusual growth if there was any.  

What is expected from Hysteroscopy?

After the conduction of the test, you may experience the following - 

  • You may experience fever and pain in the lower abdomen area
  • You may experience bleeding
  • You may experience gastric.
  • You may experience cramps and weakness

Possible result of Hysteroscopy

The possible result of this process is a deep examination and removal of unwanted structures in one sitting or procedure. 

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This process provides an extended hand to doctors in the diagnosis and treatment of cervical and uterine problems. It also assists in the examination of the results of other tests and validating them.

1. What is the duration of the process?

The duration of the process may vary from five minutes to an hour.

2. When this process is conducted?

It is conducted after menstruation and before ovulation.

3. How does this process aid in diagnosis?

This process helps in the identification of irregularities.

4. Are pregnant women allowed to undertake the examination?

No, pregnant women are not allowed to undertake the examination.

5. Where is this process used?

This process is utilized in both diagnosis and treatment.

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