Reproductive Surgery

What are reproductive surgeries? 

Reproductive surgeries have become quite prevalent and widespread with medical science and technological advancement. These are surgeries conducted on the reproductive organs of males or females to cure any previous reproductive disorder or alter the reproductive cycle in humans. These surgeries can be helpful in child-bearing through highly complex yet minimal invasive methods. 

Kinds of reproductive surgeries

Here are some common types of reproductive surgeries: 


Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure whereby a minute camera is placed in the stomach through the belly button. Such a medical procedure, which requires making an incision of only a maximum of 1 cm, helps cure several reproductive disorders. For instance, laparoscopy might efficiently treat damaged fallopian tubes, fibroids, lesions, and endometriosis. All these conditions can act as a barrier to childbirth, and laparoscopy can help cure them. 

Though the procedure follows a complex technology, it takes only a few hours, allowing patients to actively continue their day-to-day activities within a week or less. 

Robotic surgery

Robotic surgery is one of the most remarkable discoveries in reproduction technology, which adds to the precision of surgeries. Under this procedure, the doctor guides a robot, performing the surgery under the former’s guidance. 

Robotic surgeries are exceptionally beneficial for treating highly complex reproductive disorders, especially in areas the doctor finds challenging to reach. The robots work with greater precision, ensuring faster recovery. 

Moreover, the nature or length of incisions is also minimal in the case of robotic surgeries. However, these surgeries are cost-intensive and are applied only in areas where the doctor deems fit. To sum up, robotic surgeries are mainly used in places where laparoscopy is not enough or in highly challenging situations.


Laparotomy is similar to traditional surgeries, where the surgeon cuts open one’s abdominal cavity to have a complete view and access to it. These kinds of surgeries are reserved only for abdominal myomectomy, multiple cysts or fibroids, etc. This surgical procedure is complex and long-drawn that requires patients to remain in the hospital for a few days or weeks. Additionally, owing to the nature of incisions, one may take up to 6 weeks to heal completely. 


Hysteroscopy is one of the most preferred reproductive surgical measures owing to its non-invasive nature. Under this procedure, a minute camera is inserted through the vagina to check for anomalies in the uterus, conditions of polyps, and cysts. 

The procedure also involves inserting tools to treat the above reproductive disorders through this channel. Such a surgical process generally takes 2-3 days for complete recovery, allowing patients to continue their regular activities after it. 

Benefits of reproductive surgeries

Reproductive surgeries help cure any reproductive disorder that might be a barrier to childbirth. However, there are several benefits of these surgeries, which include the following-

Enhanced fertility: Reproductive surgeries help women enhance fertility, which improves their child-bearing capacities. These surgeries aim at removing or treating any disorder in the uterus, ovary, or fallopian tubes.

Remove fetus disorders: While reproductive surgeries aim to treat disorders in women's reproductive organs, they can also improve the fetus's health through minimally invasive techniques. For instance, these surgeries can strengthen the uterus walls and enhance its capacity to hold the fetus in the mother’s womb. 

Protects one from other gynaecological issues: Reproductive surgeries are not just for enhancing child-bearing capacities. Instead, it is also beneficial in curing gynaecological disorders like PCOS and cysts. Irregular menstrual cycles, etc. Thus, these surgeries promote better reproductive health and efficiently detect and cure various disorders.

1. Do reproductive surgeries enhance fertility?

Yes, reproductive surgeries efficiently enhance a woman’s fertility by treating various disorders in her reproductive channel.

2. How long do reproductive surgeries take?

Most reproductive surgeries take less than 4 hours, depending on the complexity of the disorder or the nature of the treatment. While some surgeries might take lesser than 4 hours, one can expect even complicated surgeries to conclude within this time frame.

3. Are there any side effects of reproductive surgeries?

Most reproductive surgeries are well-tested; hence, they rarely have any specific side effects. However, one might face side effects if they are allergic or intolerant to specific drugs administered after the surgery for quick recovery.

4. Which female organs are operated on during reproductive surgeries?

Generally, the ovary, uterus, and fallopian tubes are operated on in reproductive surgery. These surgeries can operate either one or more organs, depending on the nature and extent of complication involved in a specific condition.

5. Can women with previous medical complications undergo reproductive surgery?

Reproductive surgeries do not interfere with other health complications. Thus, it is safe for women with other health disorders to undergo such surgeries. However, one must be cautious about any medical history, like previous reproductive surgeries or drug sensitivities, which might affect the current surgery.

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