The cause of infertility is not simply the defective reproductive organs of women. Sometimes, both men and women have problems in their reproductive systems. In many cases, only male partners are responsible for failure in infertility. That is why fertility treatment providers may diagnose men to know whether they have any issue, which prevents pregnancy. Guys may have different fertility problems that are not detectable until they have undergone diagnosis.
Infertility tests for male diagnosis are of different types. Only specialists can decide on the tests needed for treating your fertility issues. Apollo Fertility is a reliable clinic where you can find various fertility testing facilities. After a thorough diagnosis, fertility experts will start your treatment. To contact the Guwahati clinic, dial the number 1860-500-4424.
When do men need a diagnosis?
There are some symptoms of fertility issues in men
- Producing very few sperm needed for egg fertilisation
- Obstruction in your reproductive tract prevents sperm from coming out.
- Problem with the proper shape of your sperm
What are the ways to diagnose male infertility?
Physical test- It involves analysing your medical history and overall physical condition. Doctors will check your genitals and ask questions on inherited conditions, illnesses, chronic health issues, surgeries, and injuries. Sometimes, these factors are related to infertility. Besides, you need to inform doctors about other details like sexual habits. Abnormal vein formations above the testicles are also noticed in some men. In this case, surgical treatment can solve the problem.
Semen analysis- There are different ways to collect semen samples. For instance, with ejaculation and masturbation, you can obtain semen samples and collect them into a container. During physical intercourse, you may use a condom for semen collection.
The semen is delivered to a lab to measure how many sperms are present in your semen. The lab test also helps specialists identify any abnormalities in the semen’s shape. Moreover, it checks the semen to find infections and other similar symptoms.
In some cases, there is a fluctuation of sperm counts in different samples. Many semen tests need to be continued for a certain period to guarantee accurate outcomes. If sperm analysis shows a normal result, your treatment provider may recommend testing your female partner.
Testicular biopsy- It is a process involving the removal of testicle samples. Professionals use a microscope to examine your tissues. The testicular biopsy will show whether you have normal sperm production. In most cases, blockage to the sperm transport process can cause problems.
Qualified fertility specialists choose needle biopsy after cleaning the area. Local anaesthesia is useful for this process. The needle helps in obtaining the testicle’s sample. However, it is a safe process, and there is no need to cut your skin. To prepare for the test, you should not take aspirin for at least 1 week before this process.
Sperm function tests- There are different tests to know your sperm’s potential to survive well after ejaculation. Your sperms have to be able to penetrate the egg. But, in a few cases, they do not get attached to eggs. If these tests are not effective, doctors will make other recommendations.
Hormone testing- It is another male diagnosis technique to know the reason behind infertility. Hormones generated by the testicles, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland play an important role in sperm production and sexual development. Abnormalities in other hormonal systems may also lead to infertility. You need to take a blood test to check testosterone.
Post ejaculation urinalysis- It is a test conducted to identify whether there are sperms in your urine. This condition is known as retrograde ejaculation. Due to this problem, semen reaches the bladder and flows out the through the meatus during ejaculation. It leads to aspermia that prevents ejaculation during physical intercourse.
PEU is recommendable when a man cannot impregnate his spouse. If the report on sperm analysis shows that you have aspermia, you have to undergo PEU.
To get an accurate result and prepare for the test, you should not empty your bladder fully during urination. You can urinate soon after ejaculation.
Most commonly, blood tests are done to identify follicle-stimulating hormones and testosterone. These hormones play an important role in the maturation and growth of sperm. You can also undergo chromosome analysis and other diagnostic procedures.
Fertility specialists can store sperm in a frozen condition for several years. Thawing/freezing does not affect sperm quality. Often, sperm is stored before starting the cancer treatment.
The number of sperms present in every millilitre may range from 15 to 100 million. If it is below 10 million, there may be a fertility issue in men. But, those who have more than 15 million sperms per millilitre have a normal condition.